1847 in History
January 1 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
January 1 Netherlands Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
January 3 California town of Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
January 9 1st San Francisco newspaper published (California Star)
January 14 Conspiracy in New Mexico against US
January 15 1st Swedish magazine in U.S., Skandinavia, published in New York City
January 24 1,500 New Mexican Indians and Mexicans defeated by U.S. Col Price
January 30 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
February 4 1st U.S. telegraph co established in Maryland
February 22 Battle of Buena Vista: U.S. troops beat Mexican army
February 23 Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
February 25 State University of Iowa is approved
February 28 U.S. defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento
March 1 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
March 3 Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
March 7 U.S. General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
March 10 1st money minted in Hawaii
March 17 "Macbeth" opera premieres in Florence
March 18 1st Dutch public telegram
March 25 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
April 14 Persia and Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
April 28 George B. Vashon becomes 1st black to enter New York State Bar
May 4 New York State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
May 5 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
May 7 American Medical Association organizes in Philadelphia
May 8 Robert Thompson patents rubber tire
May 31 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
June 3 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
June 10 Chicago Tribune begins publishing
June 14 Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
June 22 Doughnut created
June 27 NY and Boston linked by telegraph wires
July 1 1st U.S. postage stamps go on sale, 5 cents Franklin and 10 cents Washington, New York City
July 2 Envelope bearing 1st U.S. 10 cents stamps, still exists today
July 10 Urbain J J Leverrier and John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
July 20 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
July 24 Brigham Young and his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah
July 24 Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, New York City
July 26 Liberia declares independence from American Colonization Society
July 26 Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
August 24 Charlotte Bronte finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"
September 8 U.S. under General Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
September 10 1st theater opens in Hawaii
September 11 1st singing of Stephen Fosters "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)
September 13 American-Mexican war: U.S. General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
September 14 U.S. Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
September 16 United Shakespeare Company buys his home in Stratford-upon-Avon
October 1 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
October 16 Charlotte Bronte's book "Jane Eyre" published
October 20 Little William Nelman poisons his grandpa
November 21 Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
November 25 Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
November 26 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice," premieres in Paris
November 28 Bologna: church San Francisco dei Minori Conventuali initiated with premier of Rossini's Tantum ergo
November 29 Indians kill Marcus and Narcissa Whitman, 11 settle in Walla Walla Ore
December 3 Frederick Douglass publishes 1st issue of his newspaper "North Star"