1848 in History
January 1 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
January 8 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
January 9 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established
January 9 People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
January 24 James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
January 28 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
January 29 Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
February 2 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
February 2 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; U.S. acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
February 12 Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
February 14 James K. Polk became 1st President photographed in office by Matthew Brady
February 15 Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
February 17 Toscane gets liberal Constitution
February 24 King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
February 26 2nd French Republic proclaimed
February 26 Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
February 29 Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
March 4 Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
March 7 In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
March 12 2nd republic established in France
March 20 King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
March 24 State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
March 27 John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
March 29 Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
April 3 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st San Francisco public teacher
April 6 Jews of Prussia granted equality
April 8 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
April 8 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
April 11 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Austria
April 28 Free last slaves in French colonies
May 6 Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
May 7 Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
May 17 Premier earl Schimmelpenninck resigns
May 19 1st department store opens
May 19 Mexico gives Texas to U.S., ending the war
May 29 Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
May 29 Wisconsin becomes 30th state
May 30 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
May 30 Mexico ratifies treaty giving U.S.; New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona and Colorado in return for $15 million
May 30 William G. Young patents ice cream freezer
June 5 Statue of prince Willem the Silent unveiled
June 10 1st telegraph link between New York City and Chicago
June 10 Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
June 19 Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott open 1st women's rights convention
June 22 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for president
June 23 Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
June 23 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
June 26 1st pure food law enacted in U.S.
July 3 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands)
July 6 Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
July 11 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent vs. England)
July 11 London's Waterloo Station opens
July 19 1st U.S. women's rights convention (Seneca Falls New York)
July 19 German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
July 23 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
July 25 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
July 26 1st Woman's Rights Convention, Senecca Falls, New York
August 9 Austria and Sardinia sign cease fire
August 9 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominateing Martin Van Buren for president
August 14 Oregon Territory created
August 15 M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
September 6 National Black Convention meets (Cleveland)
September 14 Alexander Stewart opens 1st U.S. department store
September 16 Slavery abolished in all French territories
September 18 Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
September 19 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (U.S.) and Lassell (England)
October 16 1st U.S. homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
November 1 1st U.S. woman's medical school opens (Boston)
November 3 Johan Thorbeckes revises Great Force
November 7 General Zachary Taylor elected as president of US
November 9 Post office at Clay and Pike opens
November 21 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto," premieres in Paris
November 21 Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
November 23 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
December 2 Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria and King of Hungary
December 5 President Polk triggers Gold Rush of '49, confirms California gold discovery
December 25 New Haven Railroad opens
December 26 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
December 26 William and Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
December 29 Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)