1853 in History
January 1 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in U.S. enters service
January 8 1st U.S. bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Wash
January 10 Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London
January 19 Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo
January 19 Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," premieres in Rome
January 21 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
January 30 Emperor Napoleon III marries Eugenie Maria de Montijo y de Guzman
February 21 U.S. authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
March 2 Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
March 3 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
March 3 U.S. Assay Office in New York City authorized
March 4 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
March 4 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th U.S. Vice President
March 6 Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata," premieres in Venice
April 1 Cincinnati became 1st U.S. city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
April 14 Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
April 15 Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
April 17 Thorbecke government resigns
April 17 U.S. Marine Hospital at Presidio San Francisco forms
April 18 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
April 19 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
April 20 Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad
April 26 Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
April 29 Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
May 1 Argentina adopts it's constitution
May 2 Franconi's Hippodrome opens (New York City)
May 6 1st major U.S. rail disaster kills 46 in Norwalk, Connecticut
May 17 Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
May 19 Dutch prince Henry marries princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
May 23 Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
May 31 Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves New York aboard Advance
July 3 Commodore Matthew Perry reach Japan
July 6 National Black convention meets, Rochester New York
July 6 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel," 1st novel by black American
July 8 Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
July 9 Admiral Perry and U.S. Navy visit Japan
July 14 1st U.S. World's fair opens, Crystal Palace New York
July 14 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
July 18 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
August 8 Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
August 24 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs New York)
September 6 Women's Right's Convention met (New York City)
September 11 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos)
September 15 1st U.S. woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
September 24 1st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt)
September 24 France annexes Caledonia
September 24 Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
September 29 Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
October 2 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
October 12 John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
October 19 1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
October 23 Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
November 9 Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
November 17 Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections
November 28 Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory
December 30 Gadsden Purchase 45,000 mi (120,000 km) by Gila River from Mexico for $10 million, area is now southern Arizona and New Mexico