1855 in History
January 9 Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 die
January 31 Western railroads blocked by snow
February 3 Wisconsin Supreme Court declares U.S. Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
February 4 Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
February 5 British government of Palmerston forms
February 10 U.S. citizenship laws amended all children of U.S. parents born abroad granted U.S. citizenship
February 24 U.S. Court of Claims forms for cases against government
March 2 Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
March 3 Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
March 3 Congress authorizes registered mail
March 6 Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
March 8 1st train crosses 1st U.S. railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
March 15 Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
March 24 Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas
March 27 Abraham Gesner patents kerosene
April 21 1st train crosses Mississippi River's 1st bridge, Rock Island, Illinois to Davenport Iowa
April 26 Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
April 28 1st veterinary college in U.S. incorporated in Boston
May 3 Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
May 5 New York City regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
June 1 U.S. adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
June 5 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
June 13 Opera "Les Vapres Sicilenne" is produced (Paris)
June 17 Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, 2000+ killed
June 20 Commissioners appointed to lay out San Francisco streets west of Larkin
July 20 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
July 31 Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4 degrees C avg)
August 1 Castle Clinton in New York City opens as 1st U.S. receiving station for immigrants
August 3 Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
August 4 John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
August 9 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
September 8 Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Mac-Mahon
September 27 George F Bristow's "Rip Van Winkle," 2nd American opera, opens in New York City
October 9 Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
October 9 Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass patents 1st calliope
October 17 Bessemer steelmaking process patented
October 18 Franz Liszt's "Prometheus," premieres