1857 in History
January 6 Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
January 8 Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY," premieres in New York City
January 9 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon California
January 15 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW vs. Vic at The Domain
January 22 National Association of Baseball Players founded, New York
February 16 Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms (Washington D.C.)
February 18 Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
February 21 Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in U.S.
February 21 U.S. issues flying eagle cents
February 24 1st perforated U.S. postage stamps delivered to government
February 24 Los Angeles Vineyard Society organized
March 6 Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens
March 7 Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
March 12 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra," premieres in Venice
March 21 Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die
March 23 Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, New York City)
March 25 Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse
April 12 Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
April 21 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
April 27 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
April 29 U.S. Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio
April 30 San Jose State University forms
May 1 William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to U.S. Navy
May 10 Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys of Meerut
May 10 Sepoy-revolt in Meerutkazerne, Delhi
May 19 William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
June 2 James Gibbs, Va, patents chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
June 5 Walter Woodbury and James Page open photo studio in Batavia, Djakarta
June 10 England passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
June 15 San Francisco Water Works organized
June 26 62 receive Victoria Cross
June 26 Cawnpore England massacre
June 29 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
July 16 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
September 12 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
September 15 Timothy Alder patents typesetting machine
September 16 Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
September 23 Russian warship Leffort disappears in Finland Gulf in storm; 826 die
September 25 Relief of Lucknow by Havelock and Outram begins
September 30 U.S. occupies Sand, Baker, Howland and Jarvis Is south of Hawaii
October 6 American Chess Association organized; 1st major U.S. chess tournament (New York City)
October 10 American Chess Association formed (New York City)
October 24 World's 1st soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in England
November 9 Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published
December 8 1st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY"
December 16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
December 29 Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht," premieres in Weimar
December 31 Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada