1860 in History
January 1 Slavery ends of in Netherlands Indies
January 20 Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
January 28 Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
January 29 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
February 1 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York City
February 3 Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st U.S. superintendent of agriculture
February 10 John Brahms' 2nd Serenade in A, premieres
February 13 King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
February 16 Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
February 22 Organized baseball played in San Francisco for 1st time
February 22 Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages
March 9 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in San Francisco en route to Washington
March 12 Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
March 17 Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh
March 21 U.S. extradition treaty with Sweden
March 24 Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of NY
March 27 M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)
March 29 Dion Boucicault's "Colleen Bawn," premieres in New York City
April 2 1st Italian Parliament met at Turin
April 3 Pony Express began between St. Joseph Missouri and Sacramento California
April 7 Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
April 13 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
April 14 1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St. Joseph, Missouri
April 23 Dem convention in Charleston South Carolina divided over slavery
April 27 Thomas J. Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
April 30 Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
May 6 San Francisco Olympic Club, 1st U.S. athletic club forms
May 18 Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for president
May 26 Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy
June 3 Comanche, Iowa completely destroyed by 1 of a series of tornadoes
June 7 1st U.S. "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter," by Mrs. Ann Stevens
June 7 Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, San Francisco
June 9 1st "dime" novel issued "Malaesk The Indian Wife of the White Hunter"
June 15 1st White settlement in Idaho, Franklin
June 23 Congress establishes Government Printing Office
June 23 U.S. Secret Service created
July 9 Temperature hits 115 degrees F in Ft. Scott and 112 degrees F in Topeka Kansas
July 19 1st railroad reaches Kansas
July 25 1st U.S. intercollegiate billiard match, Harvard vs. Yales
August 8 Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrives in New York City
August 11 Nation's 1st successful silver mill, Virginia City, Nevada
August 30 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
September 7 Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" drowns 340 in Lake Michigan
September 8 Loss of steamer, "Lady Elgin"
September 20 1st British royalty to visit U.S., Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
October 8 Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opens
October 12 British and French troops capture Beijing
October 13 1st aerial photo taken in U.S. (from a balloon), Boston
October 15 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
October 17 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club
October 17 1st pro golf tournament held (Scotland) (Willie Park wins)
November 6 Abraham Lincoln, born in Kentucky, Representative-R-Illinois 1847 - 1849, elected 16th president 1861 - 1865
December 17 Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
December 20 South Carolina votes 169-0 for Ordinace of Secession, 1st state to secede
December 24 Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle," premieres in New York City
December 26 Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
December 26 Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft. Sumter