1868 in History
January 3 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
January 7 Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
January 7 Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
January 14 North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
January 14 South Carolina constitutional convention, meets with a black majority
January 16 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
January 20 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
February 10 Conservatives and military, seize Convention Hall in Florida
February 16 Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks forms (New York)
February 24 1st U.S. parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)
February 24 House of Representatives vote 126 to 47, to impeach President Andrew Johnson
February 29 1st British government of Disraeli forms
March 2 University of Illinois opens
March 5 Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele," premieres in Milan
March 5 Stapler patented in England by C. H. Gould
March 5 U.S. Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
March 9 The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
March 12 Britain annexed Basutoland in Africa
March 12 Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
March 12 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa
March 13 Senate begins President Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
March 17 Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
March 20 Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000
March 21 1st U.S. professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in New York City
March 23 University of California founded (Oakland California)
March 24 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
March 31 Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
April 1 Hampton Institute opens
April 3 An Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever, he rides a 50' tidal wave
April 6 Brigham Young marries his 27th and final wife
April 10 1st performance of John Brahms' "Ein german Requiem"
April 10 Brits defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
April 14 South Carolina voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
April 16 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
April 18 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
May 9 Anton Bruckner's 1st Symphony in C, premieres
May 15 Dutch Government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls
May 16 Bedrich Smetana's opera "Dalibor," premieres in Prague
May 16 By one vote, Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson
May 20 Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
May 22 Great Train Robbery-7 men (Reno Brother) make off with $98,000 in cash
May 25 Australia Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins vs. Surrey Gentlemen
May 26 President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
May 30 Memorial Day 1st observed when 2 women in Columbus Mississippi placed flowers on both Confederate and Union graves
May 31 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
May 31 Dr. James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St. Cloud, Paris
June 1 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
June 4 Van Bosse/Fock government begins
June 9 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California
June 10 2nd Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard General Duke wins in 3:02
June 13 Oscar J. Dunn, is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
June 19 Major General E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
June 21 Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg," premieres in Munich
June 22 Arkansas re-enters U.S.
June 23 Christopher Latham Sholes patents "Type-writer"
June 25 FL, AL, LA, GA, North Carolina and South Carolina readmitted to US
June 25 President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hour day
July 4 Battle at Ueno: last Tokugawa armies defeated
July 7 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey vs. Sussex
July 9 1st black cabinet member in South Carolina (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
July 13 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
July 14 Alvin J. Fellows patents tape measure
July 20 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
July 25 U.S. Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah and Idaho)
July 28 14th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
August 8 Quake destroyes Arica, Chile
August 13 Earthquakes kill 25,000 and causes $300 million damages (Peru and Ecuador)
August 18 Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
September 8 New York Athletic Club forms
September 14 Golf's 1st recorded hole-in-one (Tom Morris at Prestwick's 8th hole)
September 23 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
September 28 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella 2 of Spain to flee to France
September 28 Opelousas Massacre at St. Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
September 30 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
October 1 1st edition of Maasbode published
October 7 Cornell University (Ithaca New York) opens
October 10 1st written account of a Canadian football game
October 10 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
October 11 Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
October 17 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
October 21 Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
October 22 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Genevieve de Brabant," premieres in New York City
October 30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st black elected to Congress
October 31 Standard uniform approved for postal carriers
November 3 1st black elected to Congress (John W Menard, Louisiana)
November 3 Ulysses Grant (R) wins presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)
November 11 1st American amateur track and field meet (New York City)
November 13 American Philological Association organized in NY
November 23 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
November 26 1st baseball game played in enclosed field in SF, at 25th and Folsom
November 27 Battle at Washita, General Custer defeats Cheyennes
December 1 John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war
December 2 1st British government of Disraeli resigns
December 3 Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on U.S. trial jury
December 5 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
December 7 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin, Missouri, kills 1
December 9 1st British government of Gladstone forms
December 25 Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)