1872 in History
January 3 1st patent list issued by U.S. Patent Office
January 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
January 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
February 7 Alcorn A and M College opens
February 14 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
February 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
February 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
February 20 Metropolitan Museum of Art opens in New York City
February 20 Silas Noble and JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
February 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
February 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Harvard University
March 1 Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
March 5 George Westinghouse, Jr. patents triple air brake for trains
March 7 -8 degrees F in Boston, Massachusetts
March 16 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton
March 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
March 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
March 26 Thomas J. Martin patents fire extinguisher
April 1 1st edition of The Standard
April 2 George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
April 9 Samuel R. Percy patents dried milk
April 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
April 10 Arbor day 1st celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22
April 12 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)
April 14 Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada's Homestead Act
April 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
April 20 SF Bar Association organized
April 24 Volcano Vesuvius erupts
May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for U.S. president
May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated
May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
May 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
June 1 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58
June 5 Republican National Convention meets, Philadelphia
June 6 Susan B Anthony is fined for trying to vote
June 8 Congress endorses penny post card
June 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
July 18 Britain introduces secret ballot voting
July 20 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless radio
August 18 1st mail-order catalog issued by A. M. Ward
September 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam
September 14 Britain pays U.S. $15 M for damages during Civil War
September 17 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
September 21 John Henry Conyers of South Carolina becomes 1st black student at Annapolis
September 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg," premieres in Vienna
September 29 "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
September 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta and Big Tree
October 2 Morgan State University founded
October 3 Bloomingdale's department store in New York opens
October 9 Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
October 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
October 19 World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
October 29 J. S. Risdon patents metal windmill
November 5 Susan B. Anthony fined for trying to vote
November 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected U.S. president
November 7 U.S. cargo ship Mary Celeste set sail from New York on a journey which ended when it is found mysteriously abandoned the following month
November 9 Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Boston
November 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo," premieres in Prague
November 30 1st International soccer game, Scotland-England 0-0 (Glasgow)
December 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3 -year world oceanographic cruise
December 11 1st black U.S. Governor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
December 26 4th largest snowfall in New York City history (18")