1874 in History
January 1 New York City annexes the Bronx
January 13 Battle between jobless and police in New York City, 100s injuried
January 13 U.S. troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
January 14 I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature
January 17 Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
January 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa," premieres in Vienna
January 24 General J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after 1000's die
January 24 Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov," premieres in St. Petersburg
January 31 Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
February 12 King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit U.S.
February 21 Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English premier
February 21 Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
February 23 Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
February 27 Baseball 1st played in England, at Lord's Cricket Grounds
March 2 Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
March 10 Purdue University (Indiana) admits it's 1st student
March 21 U.S. Grant's daughter Nellie marries in the White House
March 22 Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in New York City
April 5 "Die Fledermaus" 1st performed, in Vienna
April 5 Johann Strauss Sr's opera "Die Fledermaus," premieres in Vienna
April 15 New York legislature passes compulsory education law
April 16 Dr. David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
April 19 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
April 27 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
May 5 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
May 9 Victoria Embankment, in London opens
May 12 U.S. Assay Office in Helena, Montana authorized
May 13 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
May 14 Harvard beats McGill University in football, 3 - 0, 1st admission charge at a football game
May 16 1st recorded dam disaster in U.S. (Williamsburg Mass)
May 20 Levi Strauss markets blue jeans with copper rivets, price $13.50 doz
May 26 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56
May 29 Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
June 13 8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39
June 20 1st U.S. Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
June 22 Dr. Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy
June 22 Game of lawn tennis introduced
June 28 Freedmen's Bank closes
July 1 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
July 1 1st U.S. kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
July 1 1st U.S. zoo opens in Philadelphia
July 4 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
July 7 27th Postmaster General: James W. Marshall of New Jersey takes office
July 12 Ontario Agricultural College founded
July 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "Gloria Scott"
July 29 Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
July 30 1st baseball teams to play outside U.S., Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
July 31 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
August 11 Harry S. Parmelee patents sprinkler head
September 1 28th Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
September 1 Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
September 26 1st Grand International Rifle match held
October 1 Rotterdam opens drink water pipes
October 9 World Postal Union forms in Bern, Switzerland
October 10 Fiji becomes a British possession
October 15 Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
October 19 Mary Walsh and Charles Colson are 1st couple to be married in a balloon
November 3 James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
November 4 Samuel J. Tilden elected governor of New York
November 7 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by T Nast
November 17 Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire and sinks off Auckland, New Zealand
November 18 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
November 19 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall in New York City convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment
November 24 Joseph F. Glidden patents barbed wire
December 8 Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie, Kansas
December 15 1st reigning king to visit U.S. (of Hawaii) received by President Grant
December 24 Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875