1880 in History
January 1 Building of Panama Canal, begins
January 6 Record snow cover in Seattle-120 cm
January 9 6' (1.8 meters) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
January 21 1st U.S. sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis
January 27 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
February 2 SS Strathleven arrives in London with 1st Australian frozen mutton
February 4 Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke," premieres in New York City
February 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
February 12 National Croquet League organizes in Philadelphia
February 16 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (New York City)
February 17 Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
February 29 Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland and Italy completed
March 4 New York Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S. H. Horgan
March 10 General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria
March 10 Salvation Army of England sets up U.S. welfare and religious activity
March 23 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisconsin)
March 24 Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in Connecticut
March 31 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, Indiana)
April 24 Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England and Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
May 10 General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria
May 18 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37
May 28 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40
May 31 League of American Wheelmen (1st U.S. bicycle association), forms in Newport, Rhode Island
June 1 1st pay telephone installed
June 1 U.S. census at 50,155,783
June 10 Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 home runs in 1 inning
June 12 1st baseball perfect game, John Richmond of Worcester beats Cleveland
June 12 John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0
June 14 14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
June 16 Salvation Army forms in Londo
June 17 John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
June 29 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
July 19 SF Public Library starts lending books
July 21 Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, New York
July 23 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
July 27 A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
July 27 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr. Watson is wounded, breaks out
August 3 American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, New York
August 14 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed (began in 1248)
September 6 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, vs. Australia at The Oval
September 6 W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, vs. Australia The Oval
September 7 Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
September 10 Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
September 23 Jules Ferry forms French government
September 30 Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula
October 1 John Philip Sousa becomes new director of U.S. Marine Corps Band
October 4 University of California founded in Los Angeles
October 15 Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
October 20 Amsterdam Free University opens
October 27 Theodore Roosevelt marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday
November 2 James A. Garfield (R) elected president
November 4 1st cash register patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton Ohio
November 8 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made U.S. debut at New York's Booth Theater
November 21 Henry Stanley and Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
November 24 Southern University forms
December 8 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South Africa
December 16 Republic of South Africa forms
December 20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
December 20 NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"