1890 in History
January 2 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
January 2 Record 19'2" alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny
January 3 1st U.S. college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
January 7 W B Purvis patents fountain pen
January 10 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot and Elaine," premieres
January 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae
January 21 1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
January 22 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in New York City
January 25 National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
January 25 Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg's time around world by 8 days (72 days)
January 25 United Mine Workers of America forms
February 10 Around 11M acres, ceded to U.S. by Sioux Indians opens for settlement
February 14 1st NSW vs. South Australia 1st-class cricket game
February 20 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
February 27 D Needham and P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m), SF; match is draw
March 1 1st U.S. edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
March 2 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 5 km (9:19)
March 18 1st U.S. state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)
March 20 General Federation of Womans' Clubs founded
March 20 German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
March 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
March 24 Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge"
April 6 French troops under captain Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
April 11 Ellis Island designated as an immigration station
April 14 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington D.C.)
April 18 New York Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
April 19 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels
April 26 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London
April 27 French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Oussebougou West Sudan
May 2 Territory of Oklahoma created
May 6 Mormon Church renounces polygamy
May 12 Louisiana legalized prize fighting
May 13 18th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75
May 13 Lord Salisbury offers Germany Helgoland in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda and Equatoria
May 14 16th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45
May 17 Clyde Fitch's "Beau Brummel," premieres in New York City
May 17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
May 17 Pietro Costanzi's opera "Rustic Chivalry," premieres in Rome
May 24 Caprivi succeeds Bismarck on as chancellor of Germany
May 24 Geo Train and Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
May 24 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
May 30 1st Dodger home run (Dave Foutz)
June 1 U.S. census at 62,622,250
June 6 United States Polo Association forms, New York City
June 9 Opera "Robin Hood" premieres in Chicago
June 10 24th Belmont: Pike Barnes aboard Burlington wins in 2:07.75
June 13 Eagle Ave in the Bronx is cut out and named
June 27 Cecil Rhodes' colonies attack Motlousi at Matabeleland
June 27 George Dixon becomes 1st black boxing champ (Bantam weight)
July 1 Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
July 2 Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
July 3 Idaho admitted as 43rd U.S. state
July 3 King Leopold II gives Congo to Belgium
July 10 Wyoming becomes 44th state of U.S., 1st with female suffrage
July 17 Cecil Rhodes becomes premier of Cape colony
July 20 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
July 20 Snow and hail in Calais, ME
July 23 Jack Barrett carries his cricket bat for Australia at Lord's (67)
August 1 Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Lundi
August 5 British and French accord to divide African colonization
August 6 Cy Young pitches and wins 1st game
August 8 Daughters of American Revolution organizes
August 9 1st 44 Javans arrive in Suriname, to work 5 year on sugar plantations
August 14 Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
August 16 Alexander Clark, journalist/lawyer, named minister to Liberia
August 25 Would be start of England/Australia Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
September 1 1st baseball tripleheader-Boston vs Pittsburgh
September 3 Oliver S. Campbell wins U.S. Tennis Open
September 12 Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland (Ft. Salisbury)
September 13 Cecil Rhodes' colonies hoist Union Jack in Mashonaland and Salisbury
September 16 Newswriter George Whitney Calhoun names Green Bay team Packers
September 19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
September 23 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
September 24 President of Mormon Church in Salt Lake City issues a manifesto advising members that teaching and practice of polygamy should be abandoned
September 25 Congress establishes Yosemite National Park
September 25 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Silver Blaze"
September 26 U.S. stops minting $1 and $3 gold coin and 3 cent piece
September 29 1st pro baseball game, New York Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings at Polo Grounds in New York City
October 1 Congress creates Weather Bureau
October 1 Yosemite National Park forms
October 3 Captain Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
October 6 Mormon Church outlaws polygamy
October 9 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Red-Headed League"
October 11 1st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4/5 seconds, Washington D.C.)
October 11 Daughters of American Revolution forms
October 15 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
October 18 John Owen is 1st man to run 100 yd dash in under 10 seconds
October 23 Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St. Petersburg)
October 28 Last NL-AA World Series game Brooklyn ties Louisville 3 games and 1 tie
November 4 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
November 4 Prince of Wales opens 1st underground (Station Stockwell, London)
November 4 St. Aleksandr Borodons opera "Prins Igor," premieres in Petersburg
November 11 D. McCree patents portable fire escape
November 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical On slavery in missions
November 27 1st signal box for San Francisco Police Department goes into operation
November 29 1st Army-Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point
December 4 Willem III, Dutch king, buried
December 5 Berlioz' opera "Les Troyens," premieres in Karlsruhe
December 18 Lugards expedition to Mengo/Kampala, Uganda
December 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet"
December 21 Pim Mulier 1st and only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"
December 26 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company
December 29 U.S. 7th Cavalry massacre about 300 captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota
December 31 Ellis Island, in New York City, opens as a U.S. immigration depot