1894 in History
January 1 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
January 1 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
January 4 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
January 7 Motion picture experiment of comedian Fred Ott filmed sneezing
January 8 Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
January 9 "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters
January 9 Georges Feydeau's "Un la Patte," premieres in Paris
January 13 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
January 21 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
January 23 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
January 25 James J. Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
January 27 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
January 27 Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
January 30 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
January 30 U.S. flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Admiral Benham
February 2 U.S. warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
February 3 1st U.S. steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me
February 5 Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
February 8 Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
February 14 Venus is both a morning star and evening star
February 16 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
February 23 Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
February 24 Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)
March 3 1st Greek-language publication in U.S. begins, "NY Atlantis"
March 3 4th and last British government of Gladstone resigns
March 4 Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
March 5 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in U.S.
March 8 New York passes 1st state dog license law
March 12 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday and Friday
March 13 J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
March 16 Jules Massenet's opera "Thais," premieres in Paris
March 17 U.S. and China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering U.S.
March 22 Stanley Cup: Mont AAA beat Ottawa Generals, 3-1 (1st Cup game ever)
March 24 37 miners killed at Franklin, Washington
March 25 Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon Oh for Wash
April 5 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
April 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Empty House"
April 9 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
April 12 British and Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa
April 14 1st public showing of Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)
April 14 Thomas Edison presents "peep show" device
April 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Werther," premieres in New York City
April 20 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
April 21 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man," premieres in London
April 24 French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
April 24 Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Brooklyn Dodgers
April 29 Commonweal of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
May 11 American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
May 12 Ludwig Englander's musical "Passing Show," premieres in New York City
May 14 Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
May 15 20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41
May 16 Fire in Boston destroys baseball stadium and 170 other buildings
May 17 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49
May 23 William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
May 26 Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
May 28 Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern
May 30 Bobby Lowe is 1st to hit 4 home runs in 1 baseball game
May 31 John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
June 15 Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8
June 17 1st U.S. poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont
June 18 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
June 19 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56
June 21 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
June 22 Harry Houdini marries Bessie Rahner
June 24 Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years
June 25 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
June 26 Karl Benz of Germany receives U.S. patent for gasoline-driven auto
June 28 Labor Day established as a federal employees holiday
June 30 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
June 30 London Tower Bridge opens
July 2 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
July 4 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st U.S. autos at 6 MPH
July 4 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B. Dole as president
July 6 Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
July 16 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan and England
July 20 2000 federal troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
August 2 Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
August 2 Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
August 16 Indian chiefs from the Sioux and Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity and return to their old Indian faith
August 17 Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
August 18 Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
August 25 Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed
August 26 Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
August 27 Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
August 30 Frederick Lugards expedition to Niger
August 31 Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
September 2 Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
September 2 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
September 4 In New York City, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
September 4 Soccer team Veendam 1894 forms
September 14 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest-Africa fails
September 15 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
September 27 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
September 28 Simon Marks and Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
October 1 Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
October 15 Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage
October 17 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
October 26 German emperor Wilhelm II fires Chancellor Leo von Caprivi and premier Botho zu Eulenburg
October 28 German emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi and premier Botho zu Eulenburg
October 29 1st election of Hawaiian Republic
October 30 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
November 1 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr. Roux of Paris
November 5 Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki
November 5 Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels," premieres
November 10 Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
November 14 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez"
November 16 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
November 16 French Captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki West Africa
November 17 Daily Racing Form founded
November 18 1st comic strip "Origin of a New Species," by Richard Outcault
November 18 1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (New York World)
November 19 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 and 5 Ap)
November 19 Dutch troops occupy and plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
November 20 U.S. intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
November 25 Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
November 26 King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France
December 5 Georges Feydeaus' "L'hotel du lobre echange," premoeres on Paros
December 9 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
December 14 Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren
December 20 England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket
December 22 Debussy's "Prelude l'apres-midi d'un faune," premieres
December 22 Dutch coast hit by hurricane
December 22 French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
December 22 United States Golf Association forms (New York City)
December 23 Debussy's ballet "L'apres-midi d'un faune," premieres in Paris
December 24 Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
December 24 Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
December 25 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, California in football