1897 in History
January 1 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
January 1 Brooklyn merges with New York to form present City of New York
January 8 Michael Eagan wins 1st U.S. national amateur handball championship
January 10 Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors
January 10 Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam and Brussels
January 11 M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in U.S. (Utah)
January 14 6,960-m (22,834') Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
January 16 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal
January 23 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange"
January 26 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
January 27 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
February 5 Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel
February 10 N.Y. Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
February 11 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, New York City
February 17 National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
March 4 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US
March 9 Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
March 9 Indian, fans start calling the team Indians (in 1915 becomes official)
March 9 Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)
March 12 Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal," premieres in Brussel
March 15 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
March 16 Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot"
March 17 After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world HW championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
March 19 Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
March 20 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
March 20 1st U.S. orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in New York
March 20 France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
March 29 Japan adopts Gold Standard
April 19 1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)
April 19 1st Boston Marathon won by John McDermott of New York in 2:55:10
April 19 1st performance of Debussy's "Pelleas et Melisande"
April 22 New York City Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
April 24 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
April 27 Grant's Tomb (famed of song and legend) dedicated
May 4 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12
May 4 Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
May 8 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51
May 11 Washington Senator catcher Charlie Farrell throws out 8 attempted stealers
May 12 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
May 12 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
May 14 Great Britain signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
May 18 Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)
May 18 New York Giant William Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game
May 18 Paul Dukas "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market," premieres
May 21 Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time
May 29 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23
June 12 Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam India, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (negligible death toll)
June 15 Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
June 17 William Frank Powell, New Jersey educator, named minister to Haiti
June 24 Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
June 28 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
June 29 Chicago beats Louisville 36-7 (baseball)
July 1 Bronx acquires Hutton Square
July 8 Harbor Hospital formally opens
July 11 Solomon Andree leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
July 17 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
July 18 3rd U.S. Golf Open: James Foulis wins
July 18 Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits
July 21 Tate Gallery opens in England
July 26 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
July 27 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hhourr record)
July 27 Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
August 3 John McNally's musical "Good Mr. Best," premieres in New York City
August 4 Henry A. Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
August 10 Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Auto Club)
August 17 W B Purvis patents electric railway switch
August 19 1st electric taxi's drive in London
August 21 Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
August 27 Roger Bresnahan debuts as Washington Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)
August 31 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
September 7 George Davis (Giants) home run off Sport McAllister (Spiders) in DH
September 10 Police shoot at striking mine workers in Penns, kills 20
September 17 3rd U.S. Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois
September 18 Gustave Kecker/Hugh Martin's musical "Belle of New York City," premieres in New York City
September 21 New York Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus," editorial
September 23 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
September 25 1st British bus service opens
October 4 George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple," premieres in New York City
October 5 Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island
October 8 Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
October 15 Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
October 15 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
October 21 Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
October 22 World's 1st car dealer opens in London
November 6 Peter Pan opens in New York at Empire Theater
November 23 Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler," to connect railroad cars
November 23 Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
November 24 Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
November 25 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
November 29 1st motorcycle race (Surrey England)
December 12 Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania
December 12 Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in New York Journal
December 16 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
December 27 Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
December 28 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac," premieres in Paris
December 30 Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
December 31 Brooklyn's last day as a city, it incorporates into New York City (1/1/1898)