1898 in History
January 1 d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
January 1 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of San Francisco Bay
January 4 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life and Letters" appears
January 6 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
January 13 Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Dreyfus
January 14 Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
January 19 Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
February 1 1st auto insurance policy in U.S. issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
February 8 John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding and gumming mach (Mass)
February 11 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named minister to Liberia
February 15 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
February 23 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism and wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
March 2 Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
March 8 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote," premieres in Keulen
March 17 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, New York City (for 1 hour 40 minutes)
March 24 1st automobile sold
March 25 Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in New York City
April 8 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
April 11 President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
April 12 Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay to Navy
April 19 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
April 20 U.S. Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
April 21 Phillies' pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a grand slam on 1st at bat
April 21 Spanish-American War begins
April 22 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
April 22 Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
April 22 Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
April 22 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
April 22 U.S. President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
April 24 Spain declares war on U.S. rejecting ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
April 24 U.S. fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
April 25 U.S. declares war on Spain over Cuba
April 30 Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
May 3 Camp Merriman forms at Presidio
May 4 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09
May 12 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
May 17 Camp Merritt forms in Presidio
May 19 Post Office authorizes use of postcards
May 21 U.S. Assay Office in Seattle, Washington authorized
May 23 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
May 25 1st U.S. troop transport to Manila leaves San Francisco
May 26 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
May 26 San Francisco approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
May 27 Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the 'Wells'," premieres in London
June 1 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
June 7 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chic
June 9 China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
June 10 U.S. Marines land in Cuba, during Spanish-American War
June 11 1st U.S. Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
June 11 23rd Preakness: Willie Simms aboard Sly Fox wins in 1:49.75
June 11 600 U.S. Marines land at Guantanamo Cuba
June 11 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
June 12 Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to U.S. control
June 13 Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
June 14 France signs Niger Convention
June 15 U.S. House of Representatives accept annexation of Hawaii
June 15 U.S. Marines attack Spanish off Guantanamo, Cuba
June 16 China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei
June 17 U.S. Senate agrees to annex Hawaii
June 18 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey
June 18 4th U.S. Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club Mass
June 21 Guam becomes a territory of U.S.
June 24 American troops, drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas Cuba
July 1 Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
July 3 American troops captured deserted Wake Island
July 3 Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
July 3 Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
July 3 U.S. Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
July 4 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
July 4 U.S. flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
July 7 U.S. annexes Hawaii
July 8 Phillies Red Donahue no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
July 8 U.S. battle fleet under Admiral Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
July 10 Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
July 12 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan
July 13 Guglielmo Marconi patents radio
July 13 San Francisco Ferry Building at foot of Market St. opens
July 17 Spanish American War-Spaniards surrender to U.S. at Santiago Cuba
July 21 Spain cedes Guam to U.S.
July 22 Belgica crew see 1st sunrise in 1600 hours, 1st to endure Antarct winter
July 25 1st U.S. troops land and occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
July 27 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men"
July 28 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
July 28 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"
July 30 Will Kieth Kellogg invents Corn Flakes
August 12 Hawaii formally annexed to U.S.
August 12 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
August 13 U.S. forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war
August 16 Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
August 23 18th U.S. Mens Tennis: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight Davis (36 62 62 61)
September 1 Dutch soccer team Receiver forms
September 1 Lord Kitcheners army bombs Omdurman Sudan
September 2 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
September 2 Machine gun 1st used in battle
September 6 Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
September 9 Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
September 10 Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Kartoum to Fashoda
September 13 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
September 13 Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
September 15 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
September 18 Lord Kitcheners ships reach Fashoda Sudan
September 21 China's empress-mother Ci Xi and emperor De Zong arrested
September 26 Victor Herbert/Harry Smith' musical premieres in New York City
September 29 French troops reach Guinea and Sudan, Samori caught
September 30 City of New York established
October 1 Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
October 1 Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
October 1 Jews are expelled from Kiev, Russia
October 6 Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
October 8 1st Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
October 18 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
October 20 North Carolina Mutual and Provident Insurance Company forms
November 2 French government-Dupuy forms
November 2 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
November 5 Gerhart Hauptmanns "Fuhrmann Henschel," premieres in Berlin
November 10 Race riot in Wilmington North Carolina (8 blacks killed)
November 22 Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
November 26 SS Portland leaves for Cape Cod, 157 killed
November 27 Side-wheeler "Portland" sinks off Cape Cod, 190 die
December 10 Spanish-American War ends; U.S. acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam
December 12 1st 1st-class game between NSW and Tasmania
December 18 Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)
December 21 Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discovers radium
December 24 Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto," premieres in Amsterdam