1901 in History
January 1 Australia declares independence from federation of U.K. colonies
January 1 Commonwealth of Australia established
January 8 NSW score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
January 9 NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 and 156) by innings and 605
January 10 Oil discovered in Texas
January 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
January 21 Clyde Fitch's "Climbers," premieres in New York City
January 22 After 63 years England stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series and begins King Edward VII series
January 24 1st games played in baseball's American League
January 24 Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein
January 31 Boer general John Smuts and De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
January 31 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
January 31 Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
February 2 Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
February 3 Dutch troops under General Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilie on Sumatra
February 5 Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
February 5 Pierpont Morgan forms U.S. Steel Corp
February 7 Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
February 12 Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
February 18 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner
February 20 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
February 25 George Cohan's musical "Governor's Son," premieres in New York City
February 25 U.S. Steel Corp organized under J. P. Morgan
February 27 NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
March 2 Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens
March 3 Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
March 4 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)
March 4 President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president
March 4 Term of George H. White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends
March 11 Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
March 12 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
March 14 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A
March 15 Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th
March 17 Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands
March 23 Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
March 25 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown Iowa
April 7 SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
April 15 1st British motorized burial
April 19 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6
April 19 James J Caffrey wins Boston marathon (2:29:23.6)
April 24 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
April 25 Erve Beck hits American League's 1st home run
April 25 In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)
April 25 New York becomes 1st state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee)
April 28 1st soccer game between Belgium (8) and Netherlands (0)
April 28 Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
April 29 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
April 29 Anti semitic riot in Budapest
May 1 Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox
May 1 Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League
May 1 Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
May 3 Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
May 8 In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
May 9 Australia opens its 1st parliament in Melbourne
May 9 Cleveland's Earl Moore no-hits Chicago White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2
May 12 President McKinley visits San Francisco
May 16 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Priory School"
May 23 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
May 23 Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
May 23 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
May 23 U.S. captures leader of Philippine rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
May 28 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
May 28 Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
May 30 Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
May 30 Memorial Day 1st observed in U.S.
June 2 Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday, New York
June 9 New York Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13
June 11 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
June 14 1st golf championship is played
June 15 7th U.S. Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 331 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
June 20 Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a U.S. college
June 24 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris
June 24 Jewish National Fund starts
July 2 Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana
July 12 Cy Young wins his 300th game
July 15 New York Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St. Louis, 5-0
July 22 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
July 31 Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
August 1 Burial within San Francisco City limits prohibited
August 5 Peter O'Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4"
August 9 34-35 degrees N/98-99 degrees W open for U.S. colonization
August 10 Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners
August 12 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
August 14 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska and sinks killing 70
August 15 Arch Rock, danger to Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
August 20 Fawcett committee visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
August 21 21st U.S. Mens Tennis: William Larned beats Beals C Wright (62 68 64 64)
August 21 Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching and spitting on an ump
August 22 Cadillac Co forms
August 30 Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner
September 1 Construction begins on New York Stock Exchange
September 2 Vice President Theodore Roosevelt advises, "Speak softly and carry a big stick"
September 3 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
September 5 National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues forms
September 6 President William McKinley, shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at Pan American Exposition in Buffalo NY, he dies 8th days later
September 7 Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
September 12 Arabs attack Gedara, Palestine
September 17 Battle at Blood River Port: Boer General Botha beats Major Goughs cavalry
September 17 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer General Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
September 19 11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of President William McKinley
September 26 Great Britain annexes Gold Coast (Ghana)
September 28 Guerrilla's assault unarmed U.S. soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed
October 2 1st Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow
October 12 Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
October 14 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King," premieres in New York City
October 18 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
October 19 Edward Elgar's "Pomp and Circumstance March," premieres in Liverpool
October 19 Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
October 24 1st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
October 26 1st use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
October 27 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
October 30 Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lt-colonel Bensons unit vs Boers
November 4 Clyde Fitch' "Way of the World," premieres in New York City
November 11 Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
November 15 James J. Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
November 16 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
November 20 Opera "Griselidis" is produced (Paris)
November 21 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot," premieres in Dresden
November 27 Army War College forms in Washington D.C.
November 27 Gerhart Hauptmanns "Der rote Hahn," premieres in Berlin
November 28 Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony in G, premieres
November 29 East 182nd Street in Bronx is paved and opened
December 2 Gillette patents 1st disposable razor
December 2 King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
December 3 Milwaukee is dropped from the AL and replaced by St. Louis Browns
December 4 Anne Russell's "Girl and the judge," premieres in New York City
December 10 1st Nobel Peace Prizes (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy)
December 11 Marconi sends 1st transatlantic radio signal, Cornwall to Nfld
December 12 Marconi receives 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US
December 13 Test debut of S F Barnes vs. Australia SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
December 14 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
December 16 Boer general Kritzinger captured
December 25 Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits