1930 in History
January 1 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
January 1 Jurgens and Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
January 5 Mao Tse-tung writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire"
January 6 1st diesel engine automobile trip (in a Packard sedan) completed
January 6 Bradman scores 452* for NSW against Qld, 377 minutes, 49 fours
January 7 Edwin Justus Mayer's "Children of Darkness," premieres in New York City
January 8 Belgium Princess Marie-Jose marries Italian's crown prince Umberto
January 9 Boston Bruins wins then NHL record 14th straight game
January 10 Commencement of New Zealand's 1st Test, vs. England Christchurch
January 10 Maurice Allom takes Test hat-trick England vs. New Zealand Christchurch
January 10 Mordovian Autonomous Region in RSFSR constituted
January 12 NHL's Boston Bruins win then-record 14th consecutive game
January 13 "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
January 15 George Headley scores century on debut vs. England (made 176)
January 18 -27 degrees F (-33 degrees C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)
January 18 Shostakovich' opera "The Nose," premieres in Leningrad
January 20 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
January 22 -35 degrees F (-37 degrees C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)
January 23 Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
January 23 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
January 23 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia South Carolina begins radio transmissions
January 24 J E Mills scores 117 on Test Cricket debut, New Zealand vs. England, Wellington
January 24 Stewie Dempster scores New Zealand's 1st Test century
January 26 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
January 30 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Banya," premieres in Leningrad
January 31 1st U.S. glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, New Jersey
February 1 Arnold Schonbergs opera premieres in Frankfurt
February 3 Vietnamese Communistic Party forms
February 3 William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons
February 4 1st tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans
February 5 5th Aliyah to Israel begins
February 8 "Happy Days Are Here Again" by Benny Mereoff hits #1
February 10 Grain Stabilization Corporation authorized by Congress
February 15 Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes
February 17 French government of Tardieu falls
February 18 Cow flown and milked, milk sealed in paper containers and parachuted
February 18 Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi," premieres in Milan
February 18 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premieres in New York City
February 18 U.S. astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
February 20 Capelle soccer team forms
February 21 Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures," premieres in New York City
February 25 Check photographing device patented
February 25 George Headley completes twin tons in Test Cricket vs. England (114 and 112)
February 26 1st red and green traffic lights installed (Manhattan New York City)
February 26 "Green Pastures" opens at Mansfield Theater
February 26 West Indies make 1st Test Cricket win, by 289 runs over England
February 27 Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency
March 2 1st U.S. indoor glider flight, St. Louis Terminal Building
March 4 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
March 4 Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
March 6 Clarence Birdseye develops a method for quick freezing food
March 7 Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball
March 8 Babe Ruth signs 2-year contract for $160,000 with New York Yankee General Manager Ed Barrow, wrongly predicts "No one will ever be paid more than Ruth"
March 8 Mahatma Gandhi starts civil disobedience in India
March 11 President and Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington
March 12 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
March 12 Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
March 13 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
March 15 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, New York
March 15 1st streamlined submarine of U.S. navy, USS Nautilus, launched
March 16 USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine
March 18 Boston Bruins win record 20th NHL home game
March 19 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
March 20 Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph
March 23 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
March 23 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
March 24 1st religious services telecast in U.S. (W2XBS New York City)
March 24 Planet Pluto named
March 24 Ronsburgse Boys soccer team forms
March 26 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
March 27 1st U.S. radio broadcast from a ship at sea
March 28 1st performance of Walter Piston's Suite for orchestra (Boston)
March 28 Constantinople and Angora changes names to Istanbul and Ankara
March 30 Babberich-H soccer team forms
April 1 "Blue Angel," starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America
April 2 1st NewYork - Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda
April 3 Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
April 3 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Boston Bruins in 2 games
April 4 Andrew Sandham makes Test Cricket 1st triple century
April 4 Les Ames makes the 1st Test Cricket century by a wicketkeeper (149)
April 5 England out for 849 vs. WI Kingston, Sandham out for 325
April 6 1st transcontinental glider tow completed
April 6 Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar
April 10 George Headley scores 223 vs. England at Kingston
April 10 Synthetic rubber 1st produced
April 12 4th Test Cricket WI vs. England ends in a draw after nine days
April 12 Wilfred Rhodes ends Test Cricket career aged 52 years 165 days
April 14 Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premieres in New York City
April 17 Abkhazian ASSR forms in Georgian SSR
April 19 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:34:48.2
April 21 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
April 21 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid," premieres in Moscow
April 22 U.S., Britain and Japan sign London Naval Treaty
April 28 1st night organized baseball game Independence. Kansas
April 29 123 runs are scored in 7 major league games
April 29 North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens
April 29 Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service
May 1 Bradman scores 236 Australia vs. Worcs, his 1st f-class innings in Eng
May 2 Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 to open 1st ballpark with permanently installed lights
May 5 1st woman to fly solo from England to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)
May 5 Bradman scores 185* Australia vs. Leicestershire, 317 minutes, 16 fours
May 7 Duleepsinhji scores 333 for Sussex vs. Northants in 330 minutes
May 9 56th Preakness: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:00.6
May 10 Adler Planetarium, 1st U.S. planetarium, opens in Chicago
May 10 Clarrie Grimmett takes 10 for 37 vs. Yorkshire at Sheffield
May 12 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)
May 13 Farmer killed by hail in Lubbock, Texas, only known fatality due to hail
May 15 Ellen Church becomes 1st airline stewardess, United (San Francisco to Cheyenne)
May 16 6th Walker Cup: U.S., 10-2
May 17 56th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:07.6
May 19 White woman win voting rights in South Africa
May 20 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot
May 20 University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention and cure of athlete's foot
May 21 Max Bishop draws 8 walks in a doubleheader
May 21 New York Yankee Babe Ruth hits 3 consecutive homers
May 22 Ruth hits 3 consecutive home run (8th-10th of 60 in 1930)
May 22 Yankee "Bronx Bombers" hit 14 home runs in a game
May 24 1st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)
May 24 Bradman scores 252* Australia vs. Surrey, 290 minutes, 29 fours
May 24 Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week
May 26 Joe Sewell, strikes out twice of his 3 times in 1930, by Pat Caraway
May 26 Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution
May 27 Richard Drew invents masking tape
May 28 Georges Forbes succeeds Joseph Ward as premier of New Zealand
May 30 Bill Arnold wins Indianapolis 500 car race (161.6 kph)
May 31 Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season
May 31 Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
May 31 Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth
June 1 6th French Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (36 86 63 61)
June 1 6th French Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (62 61)
June 1 Alphense Boys soccer team forms in Alphen on Rhine
June 1 Bradman scores cricket 191 Australia vs. Hampshire, 240 minutes, 26 fours
June 2 Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in U.S., Cincinnati
June 7 62nd Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:31.6
June 9 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 6 mile, 29:36.4
June 10 Winnipeg Rugby Football Club forms
June 12 34th U.S. Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 287 at Interlachen CC Minnesota
June 12 Heavyweight Max Schmeling KOs Jack Sharkey in New York City
June 12 Max Schmeling beats Jack Sharkey on a foul in 4 for hw boxing title
June 13 22 people killed by hailstones in Siatista, Greece
June 14 VVGZ soccer team forms in Zwijndrecht
June 17 Bradman scores 131 in the 1st Test cricket at Trent Bridge
June 17 Chuck Klein sets Phillies hitting streak at 26 straight games
June 20 65th British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 291 at Hoylake Hoylake
June 21 Ruth hits 3 home runs as Yankees blow 6-0 lead in 7th and lose 15-7
June 22 Lou Gehrig hits 3 home runs in a game, Ruth hits 3 in doubleheader
June 23 Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 21-8
June 24 1st radar detection of planes, Anacostia DC
June 24 Ground is broken for construction of Cleveland Stadium
June 30 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady NY
June 30 Bradman scores 254 at Lord's vs. England, 320 minutes, 25 fours
July 1 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
July 3 Veterans Administration created
July 4 43rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Elizabeth Ryan (62 62)
July 5 50th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats W Allison (63 97 64)
July 7 Construction begins on Boulder Dam
July 11 Bradman scores 309 in a day vs England at Leeds, goes on to 334
July 12 34th U.S. Golf Open: Robert T "Bobby" Jones wins
July 12 Bradman out for 334 in Test Cricket at Headingley, 383 minutes, 46 fours
July 12 Hedley Verity takes 10 for 10 vs. Notts (19 4-16-10-10) at Leeds
July 13 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay
July 13 Sarnoff reports in New York Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
July 18 SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
July 20 106 degrees F (41 degrees C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
July 21 110 degrees F (43 degrees C) at Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
July 21 U.S. Veterans Administration forms
July 23 Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
July 23 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with home runs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
July 25 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st and 4th innings vs Cleveland
July 27 Andre Leducq wins Tour de France
July 28 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)
July 29 115 degrees F (46 degrees C), Holly Springs, Mississippi (state record)
July 29 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
July 30 1st broadcast of "Death Valley Days" on NBC-radio
July 30 Uruguay beats Argentina 4-2 for soccer's 1st World Cup in Montevideo
July 31 Lou Gehrig grand slams as Yankees beat Red Sox 14-13
August 3 2nd time in 1930, Chuck Klein of Phillies hits in 26 straight games
August 4 Child labor laws established in Belgium
August 6 Remains of Solomon Andrees' balloon expedition to North Pole in 1897, found at Kvit oya Spitsbergen
August 6 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in New York City
August 7 Richard Bedford Bennet forms Canadian government
August 8 St. Louis Cardinals are 12 games back in NL, and go on to win pennant
August 9 113 degrees F (45 degrees C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
August 9 Betty Boop debuts in Max Fleischer's animated cartoon Dizzy Dishes
August 9 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)
August 18 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
August 20 Bradman scores 232 in 5th Test Cricket at The Oval
August 20 Dumont's 1st TV broadcast for home reception (New York City)
August 21 Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished
August 22 Australia regain Ashes on 6th day of 5th Cricket Test
August 23 44th U.S. Womens Tennis: Betty Nuthall beats Anna McCune Harper (61 64)
August 26 Hack Wilson hits his 44th home run, breaks Chuck Klein's NL record
September 1 NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
September 2 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to U.S. (37 hours)
September 3 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
September 4 Cambridge Theater opens in London
September 6 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Phillies 22-8
September 8 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
September 8 New York City public schools begin teaching Hebrew
September 8 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape
September 10 Charles E Mitchell, named minister to Liberia
September 11 Stomboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
September 12 Brooklyn catcher Al Lopez hits major league's last recorded bounce home run
September 13 50th U.S. Mens Tennis: J H Doeg beats Francis Shields (10-8 16 64 16-14)
September 13 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 20,000m (1:04:38.4)
September 13 Tommy Armour wins PGA golf tournament
September 13 Winnipeg Rugby Football Club 1st game, loses to St. John's Rugby, 7-3
September 14 Detroit Lions (as Portsmouth Spartans) play 1st NFL game, win 13-6
September 14 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election
September 15 1st International bridge match is held in London. U.S. team defeats England
September 16 Phillies trailing 10-5, score 5 in 9th, then Pirates score 4 in top of 10th, so Phillies score 5 in bottom of 10th to win 15-14
September 18 Enterprise (U.S.) beats Shamrock V (England) in 15th America's Cup
September 18 New York Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing hits 2 home runs to beat St. Louis Browns, 7-6
September 18 Philadelphia A's win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
September 21 Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
September 24 G Kaufman and M Hart's "Once in a Lifetime," premieres in NY
September 24 Noel Coward's "Private Lives," premieres in London
September 24 Portsmouth beats Brooklyn in 1st NFL game played under floodlights
September 25 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
September 25 Roger Hornsby replaces Joe McCarthy as Cubs manager
September 25 Zoe Akins' "Greeks Had a Word for it," premieres in New York City
September 27 34th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Bobby Jones
September 27 Cub's Hack Wilson's 2 home runs give him NL record 56 home runs
September 27 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn't handle ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St. Louis Browns
September 28 Lou Gehrig's errorless streak ends at 885 consecutive games
September 29 1st Canadian football game played under lights, Hamilton-UBC
September 29 Bing Crosby marries Dixie Lee
September 29 Boqueron battle ends Paraguay border dispute
September 29 Lowell Thomas made debuts on CBS Radio replacing Floyd Gibbons
September 29 New York City College offers 1st course in radio advertising
October 1 Soccer team WHC forms
October 1 World Series opens at Phila's Shibe Park, Philadelphia A's beat St. Louis 5-2
October 4 A's Jack Quinn, 46, pitches 2 inn, is oldest to play in World Series
October 5 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais France, 48 die
October 8 Philadelphia A's beat St. Louis Cardinals, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series
October 9 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
October 10 AP votes Joe Cronin unofficial AL MVP and BWA names Hack Wilson NL MVP
October 10 Yankees announce signing Joe McCarthy to manage for 4 years
October 13 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP'ers in uniform
October 14 Ethel Mermans debuts on Broadway in "Girl Crazy"
October 14 George Gershwin/Walter Donaldsons musical premieres in New York City
October 18 Joseph Sylvester becomes 1st jockey to win 7 races in 1 day
October 19 Jules Ladoumegue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
October 20 Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premiers on NBC radio
October 20 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
October 22 1st concerto of BBC Symphony Orchestra, under Adrian Boult
October 22 Blake and Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930," premieres in New York City
October 22 South Carolina Genemuiden soccer team forms
October 25 1st football game in Atlantic City Convention Center
October 25 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began
October 26 Dmitri Sjostakovitch' ballet "Zolotoy Vyek," premieres in Leningrad
October 29 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
October 30 Turkey and Greece sign a treaty of friendship
November 2 Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty
November 3 1st vehicular tunnel to a foreign country, Detroit - Windsor, opens
November 3 Bank of Italy becomes Bank of America
November 5 Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for "Babbitt"
November 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro," premieres in Berlin
November 9 1st nonstop airplane flight from New York to Panama
November 13 WA Drake's "Grand Hotel," premieres in New York City
November 17 Musical "Sweet and Low" with Fanny Brice premieres in New York City
November 18 Musical "Smiles" with Bob Hope/Fred Astaire premieres in New York City
November 18 Sjostakovitch' opera "The Nose," premiers in Lenningrad
November 22 1st Irish Sweepstake run
November 22 1st U.S. football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)
November 22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit
November 23 New York Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
November 24 1st woman pilot on a transcontinental air flight Miss Ruth Nichols (Mineola, New York to California), in a Lockheed-Vega, took 7 days
November 25 690 earthquake shocks recorded in 1 day (Ito Japan)
November 25 Sporting News picks Bill Terry as NL MVP and Joe Cronin as AL MVP
November 28 Howard Hanson's 2nd Symphony "Romantic," premieres
December 1 NHL drops 20 minute slashing-about-the-head penalty
December 1 Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent
December 3 Air-borne chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley Belgium)
December 3 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
December 3 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical "Evergreen," premieres in London
December 4 French government of Tardieu falls
December 4 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control
December 6 18th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Balmy Beach defeat Regina Roughriders, 11-6
December 6 Pablo Neruda marries Marie A Hagenaar Vogelzang in Batavia
December 7 13th PGA Championship: Tommy Armour at Fresh Meadows CC Flushing
December 8 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway New York City
December 8 Cole Porter's musical "NYCers," premieres in New York City
December 11 Bank of the United States opens in New York City
December 12 Baseball changes rule, ball bounces into stands not a home run, now a double
December 12 Baseball Rules Committee greatly revises the rule book
December 12 Start of the 1st Australia vs. West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
December 13 Bette Davis arrives in Hollywood under contract to Universal Studios
December 13 George Sisler's career ends when Boston Braves release him
December 13 Theodore Steeg forms French government
December 14 New York Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game
December 15 Don Bradman takes his 1st Test Cricket wicket (Ivan Barrow, WI, lbw)
December 16 Golfer Bobby Jones wins James E Sullivan Award
December 18 Bradman scores 258 NSW vs. South Australia, 289 minutes, 37 fours
December 19 James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP
December 20 Learie Constantine cricket 100 in 52 minutes WI vs. Tas (10x4, 1x6, 1x5)
December 22 6 West europe lands signs Convention of Oslo
December 23 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in New York City
December 24 Bandung, Java: ir Sukarno 4 years jail sentenced
December 24 F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa," premieres in Madrid
December 25 Mount Van Hoevenberg bobsled run at Lake Placid, New York opens
December 25 Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA vs. Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
December 25 Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
December 29 Fred P Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans
December 31 Pontifical encyclical Casti connubii against mixed marriages
December 31 U.S. tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in 1930