1937 in History
January 1 Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
January 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
January 1 U.S. Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
January 5 Fingleton and Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt
January 5 Only unicameral state legislature in U.S. opens 1st session (Nebr)
January 6 Bradman scores 270 Australia vs. England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
January 8 -50 degrees F (-45.6 degrees C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
January 9 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians and Abyssinians
January 9 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in New York City
January 12 Plow for laying submarine cable patented
January 19 Cy Young, Tris Speaker and Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
January 19 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
January 20 1st Inauguration day on Jan 20th, (held every 4th years there-after)
January 20 -45 degrees F (-43 degrees C), Boca, California (state record)
January 23 Karl Radek and 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge
January 25 1st broadcast of Soap Opera "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
January 25 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
January 30 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov and 16 others sentenced to death
February 1 Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port
February 3 Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th Test Cricket vs. England
February 4 Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games
February 5 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released
February 5 Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed
February 6 K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-U.S. female lawyer
February 8 Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings," premieres in New York City
February 10 Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
February 11 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint, Michigan ends
February 12 Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
February 13 Bradman scores 123 SA vs. Queensland, 165 minutes, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
February 13 Maribel Vinson wins her 9th U.S. figure skating championship
February 13 NFL Boston Redskins move to Washington D.C.
February 13 "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
February 13 U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
February 13 U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
February 16 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
February 16 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris
February 20 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
February 24 1st U.S. group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington, D.C.
February 26 C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
February 27 Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket vs. England in 223 minutes
March 1 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Connecticut)
March 1 Governer Wouters inaugurates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
March 1 U.S. Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
March 2 Mexico nationalizes oil
March 3 Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
March 7 Bucharin, Jagoda and Rykov pushed out of CPSU in U.S.S.R.
March 14 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen and Jack Benny meet on radio
March 14 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
March 15 1st blood bank forms (Chicago, Illinois)
March 15 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh North Carolina)
March 16 All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors and sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
March 18 Gas explosion in school in New London Texas: 294 die
March 19 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
March 20 Franco-offensive at Guadalajara Spain
March 21 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
March 23 Los Angeles Railway Co. starts using PCC streetcars
March 24 Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
March 24 National Gallery of Art established by Congress
March 25 It's revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads
March 25 Italy and Yugoslavia sign no-attack treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
March 25 Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
March 25 Washington Daily News is 1st U.S. newspaper with perfumed advertising page
March 26 Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice and replace his 40 with 36 oz bat
March 26 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
March 26 William H. Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
March 27 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
April 1 Aden becomes British crown colony
April 4 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283
April 15 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat New York Rangers, 3 games to 2
April 17 Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd and Petunia Pig, debut
April 19 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
April 22 New York City college students stage 4th annual peace strike
April 26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
April 27 U.S. Social Security system makes its 1st benefit payment
April 28 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (New York City)
April 28 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am
April 30 General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth
May 1 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs act of neutrality
May 3 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for 'Gone With the Wind'
May 6 Dirigible Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, New Jersey (36 die)
May 8 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
May 9 Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
May 10 Busmen strike in London
May 12 George VI crowned King of England
May 12 St. Louis Cardinals beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
May 15 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
May 17 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
May 19 John Murray/Allen Boretz' "Room Service," premieres in New York City
May 25 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to New York
May 26 Dutch Rail NV at law forms
May 26 San Francisco Bay's Golden Gate Bridge opens
May 27 Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
May 27 Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, dedicated
May 28 Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to vehicular traffic
May 28 Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of England
May 30 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA
May 30 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
May 30 Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
May 30 Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
May 30 Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
May 31 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
May 31 Brooklyn Dodgers snap New York Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
May 31 German battleships bomb Almeria, Spain
June 1 Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St. Louis Browns, 8-0
June 1 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
June 3 Duke of Windsor (Edward 8) weds Mrs. Wallis Warfield Simpson in France
June 3 Josh Gibson home run just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium, 580' drive
June 4 Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
June 5 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6
June 5 Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week
June 6 Phillies trailing 8-2 to St. Louis, forfeit game
June 8 World's largest flower blooms in New York Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
June 11 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
June 12 41st U.S. Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills, Michigan
June 12 U.S.S.R. executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues
June 13 Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive home runs against St. Louis Browns
June 13 Stalin executes Rus officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna and Uberevitch
June 16 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
June 17 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in New York
June 19 Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
June 21 French People's front government-Blum falls
June 22 Joe Louis KOs James J. Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title
June 25 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit home runs in a game
June 26 Test cricket debut of Len Hutton vs. New Zealand at Lord's, scores 0 and 1
July 1 Britian begins using an emergency phone number (999)
July 1 Reverend Martin Niemoller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
July 1 Spanish bishops support Franco and fascists
July 2 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
July 2 Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
July 5 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
July 5 Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game and 2 in 2nd game
July 5 Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
July 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
July 7 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
July 7 Japanese and Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), becomes WW II
July 10 Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
July 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
July 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
July 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
July 19 Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
July 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
July 22 Senate rejects Franklin D.. Roosevelt proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
July 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
July 27 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
July 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
July 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
July 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
July 30 Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base and registers no put outs
July 31 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
August 5 Ranger (U.S.) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America's Cup
August 6 Franco-artillery fire on Madrid
August 6 Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
August 6 U.S. and U.S.S.R. sign trade treaty
August 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
August 13 Japanese attack Shanghai
August 14 China declares war on Japan
August 14 Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St. Louis Browns
August 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
August 24 Republican offensive near Belchite Spain
August 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
August 26 Franco's troops conquer Santander
August 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
August 27 Bkln Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
August 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
August 29 Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
August 30 Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
August 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for home runs of 18 home runs in August
September 1 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
September 1 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
September 2 U.S. Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
September 4 Doris Kopsky, becomes 1st NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4)
September 8 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
September 8 Yankees trailing 6-1 in 9th, score 8 to beat Boston 9-6
September 10 2nd American Football League plays 1st game (LA 21, Pittsburgh 0)
September 10 Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their 1st NFL game, lose 28-0
September 11 51st U.S. Womens Tennis: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska (64 62)
September 11 57th U.S. Mens Tennis: J D Budge beats G vs. Cramm (61 79 61 36 61)
September 15 WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to San Francisco Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)
September 17 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat New York Giants 13-3
September 21 J R R Tolkien, publishes "Hobbit"
September 22 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody Wyoming
September 23 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
September 25 Battle of of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
September 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
September 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens in Albion, New York
September 28 Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
September 28 Martha Raye divorces Bud Westmore
September 29 Frans Slaats bicycles world record time (45,563 km)
September 30 6th Ryder Cup: U.S., 8-4 at Southport and Ainsdale, England
October 1 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
October 2 Franklin D. Roosevelt visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
October 5 Minister Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
October 7 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
October 10 New York Yankees beat Giants 4 games to 1 in 34th World Series
October 13 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park New York City
October 15 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have and Have Not" published
October 15 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yankees release Tony Lazzeri
October 21 Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres
October 21 Franco-troops occupies Gijon
October 25 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
October 25 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees
October 31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona
November 2 AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP
November 3 Archambaud bicycles world record time (45,796 km)
November 3 NHL Howie Morenz Memorial Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 6-5 in Mont
November 5 Hitler informs his military leader of his intentions of going to war
November 9 Japans army conquers Shanghai
November 9 St. Louis Cardinals Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP
November 10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"
November 11 Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph
November 11 Nobel prize for physics awarded to C. J. Davisson and G. P. Thomson
November 13 NBC forms 1st full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio
November 15 1st congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
November 17 Britains Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
November 21 Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad
November 23 Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy," premieres in New York City
November 23 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier
November 23 John Steinbeck's "Of Mice and Men," premieres in New York City
November 25 World's fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
November 27 Pro-labor musical revue "Pins and Needles" opens, produced by ILGWU
November 29 Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands
November 30 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)
December 1 Japan recognizes Franco government
December 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
December 7 Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams
December 7 Russian chess player Aljechin recaptures world title from Max Euwe
December 11 25th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 30-7
December 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
December 12 Japanese aircraft shell and sink U.S. gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized and eventually paid U.S. $2.2M in reparations)
December 12 NBC and RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
December 12 Washington Redskins win NFL championship
December 14 Japanese troops conquer/plunder Nanjing
December 20 Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
December 21 1st feature-length color and sound cartoon premieres (Snow White)
December 21 O'Reilly completes 14-98 for cricket match, NSW vs. South Australia
December 22 Lincoln Tunnel, in New York City, opens to traffic
December 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
December 25 Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
December 25 Queensland all out for 93 vs. SA in front of 10,436
December 27 Bradman scores 246 SA vs. Queensland, 364 minutes, 20 fours
December 27 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany
December 27 Mae West performs Adam and Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio
December 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania/begins spread of Judaism
December 29 2nd Irish constitution goes into effect; Irish Free State renamed Erie
December 29 Ireland adopts constitution (Irish Free State becomes Eire)
December 29 Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St. Louis, to become wrestling champ
December 29 Pan Am starts San Francisco-to-Auckland, New Zealand service