1943 in History
January 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to Lt-colonel
January 3 1st missing persons telecast (New York City)
January 3 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
January 4 Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph and His Brothers"
January 5 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
January 5 William H. Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
January 9 Japanese government in Java limits sale and use of motorcars
January 10 1st U.S. President to visit a foreign country in wartime-FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco
January 10 Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad
January 11 U.S. and Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
January 12 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat and soy meal)
January 13 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca
January 13 Hitler declares "Total War"
January 13 Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
January 13 U.S. infantry captures Galloping Horse-ridge Guadalcanal
January 14 Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game
January 14 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II
January 14 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
January 15 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
January 15 World's largest office building, Pentagon, completed
January 16 1st U.S. air raid on Ambon
January 16 -60 degrees F (-51 degrees C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
January 16 German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow
January 16 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
January 17 Tin Can Drive Day
January 18 Jews in Warsaw Ghetto begin resistance of Nazis
January 18 Presliced bread sale banned to reduce bakery demand for metal parts
January 18 Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad
January 18 U.S. rations bread and metal
January 18 Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
January 19 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
January 20 Lead, South Dakota, temp is 52 degrees F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16 degrees F
January 20 Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian and Croatian
January 21 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
January 21 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
January 21 Vice-Admiral Cunningham appointed British adm of fleet
January 22 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
January 22 Battle of Anzio: Italy; Allies stopped on beach
January 22 Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th
January 22 Temperature rises 49 degrees F (9 degrees C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD
January 23 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
January 23 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
January 23 Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
January 23 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
January 24 Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death
January 24 Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
January 27 1st U.S. air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
January 28 Chicago Blackhawks beats New York Rangers 10-1, Max Bentley scores 4 goals
January 28 Forward Doug Bentley sets NHL record with 5 points in a game
January 29 New Zealand's Kiwi cruiser collides with Japanese sub I-1 at Guadalcanal
January 29 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots," premieres in New York City
January 30 6 British Mosquito's daylight bomb Berlin
January 30 German assault on French in Tunisia
January 30 German under officers shot down in Haarlem, Netherlands
January 30 Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to general-Field Marshal
January 30 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
January 30 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
January 31 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
January 31 Chile breaks contact with Germany and Japan
January 31 General Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
February 1 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
February 1 Mussert forms pro Nazi shadow cabinet (Netherlands)
February 2 Battle of Stalingrad ends with final surrender of the German army
February 2 Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest
February 2 German 6th Army surrenders at Stalingrad, turning point of WW II
February 3 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
February 4 Bertolt Brecht's "Der gute Mensch von Sezuan," premieres in Zurich
February 5 Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
February 5 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission
February 6 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down
February 6 Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade"
February 7 Shoe rationing begins in U.S. (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
February 8 Red Army recaptures Kursk
February 9 Franklin D. Roosevelt orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry
February 9 German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes," 1,200 in Vught Camp
February 9 Japanese evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic battle
February 9 Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents
February 9 NL seeks buyer for Phillies, as owner Gerry Nugent, falls in arrears
February 10 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
February 10 "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality and self-determination
February 10 Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau
February 11 General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe
February 11 Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
February 12 General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa
February 13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Eisenhower visits front
February 13 Women's Marine Corps created
February 14 German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
February 14 Soviets recapture Rostov
February 15 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
February 16 -32 degrees F (-36 degrees C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)
February 16 British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia
February 16 Red army conquers Kharkov
February 16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
February 16 Withdrawing Africa Corps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa
February 17 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
February 17 General-major Bradley flies to Washington D.C.
February 17 Hitler visits Field Marshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje
February 17 New York Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the U.S. army
February 18 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
February 18 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart
February 18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
February 18 William D. Cox buys Philadelphia Phillies
February 19 German tanks under Brigadier General Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
February 20 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
February 20 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico)
February 20 Phil Wrigley and B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
February 21 Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
February 21 German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia
February 23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
February 23 Major General Bradley arrives in Dakar and Marrakesh
February 24 General-major Bradley flies to Algiers
February 24 Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
February 25 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
February 26 German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
February 28 63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month
February 28 "Porgy and Bess" opens on Broadway with Anne Brown and Todd Duncan
March 1 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
March 2 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
March 2 Sea battle in Bismarck Sea finishes, U.S. and Australia win
March 3 Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
March 3 F Ryerson and Cohn Claues' "Harriet," premieres in New York City
March 3 U.S. defeats Japan and wins Battle of Bismark Sea
March 4 Transport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
March 5 Anti fascist strikes in Italy
March 5 RAF bombs Essen Germany
March 6 Battle at Medenine, North-Africa: Rommels assault attack
March 6 Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers
March 7 General-major Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia
March 8 335 allied bombers attack Neurenberg
March 8 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
March 8 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
March 8 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Arthur Vaughn
March 9 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
March 9 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
March 11 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
March 12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
March 13 Baseball approves official ball (with cork and balata)
March 13 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
March 13 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
March 15 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
March 15 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
March 16 Elin K (No) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed and sinks
March 17 Aldemarin (Ned) and Fort Cedar Lake (U.S.) torpedoed and sinks
March 17 F. Hugh Herbert's "Kiss and Tell," premieres in New York City
March 18 James Oglethorpe (U.S.) and Terkolei (Netherlands), torpedoed and sinks
March 18 Red Army evacuates Belgorod
March 19 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed and sinks
March 20 British offensive against Mareth-line
March 20 German U-384 bombed and sinks
March 21 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
March 21 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
March 22 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
March 22 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
March 22 SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
March 23 German counter attack on U.S. lines in Tunisia
March 25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration
March 25 Jimmy Durante and Garry Moore premiere on radio
March 26 Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
March 26 Elsie S. Ott becomes 1st woman awarded U.S. Air Force Medal
March 27 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau
March 27 Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio
March 27 U.S. begins assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia
March 29 Meat rationed in U.S., 784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's
March 29 Meat, butter and cheese rationed in U.S. during WW II
March 30 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: University of Wyoming beat Georgetown 46-34
March 30 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
March 30 Rodgers and Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!," premieres in New York City
March 31 U.S. errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
April 3 Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
April 5 Allies bomb Mortsel
April 5 Japanese troops conquer Indin
April 5 Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days
April 6 British and U.S. Army link up in Africa during WW II
April 6 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
April 6 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
April 7 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
April 7 British and U.S. troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
April 7 Lieutenant Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
April 7 NFL adopts free substitution rule
April 8 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
April 8 Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya convicted of involvement with Mau Mau
April 8 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games
April 10 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape nazis
April 10 General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia
April 11 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
April 12 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
April 12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
April 13 Catholic University Nijegen closes
April 13 Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Jefferson Memorial
April 13 Nazi's discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
April 14 General Alexander, Eisenhower, Anderson and Bradley discuss assault on Tunis
April 14 James Gow and A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World," premieres in New York City
April 15 Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase
April 16 40 German bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands, 85 killed
April 17 Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
April 19 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8
April 19 Jews attack Nazi occupation forces at Warsaw Ghetto
April 19 Revolt in Warsaw Ghetto under Mordechai Anielewicz
April 20 Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
April 22 German counter attack in North-Tunisia
April 22 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
April 23 British and U.S. offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta
April 27 Lou Jansen and Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland
April 27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
April 28 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
April 28 German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa
April 28 U.S. 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia
April 29 Dietrich Bonhoffer arrested by nazis
April 29 Noel Coward's "Present Laughter," premieres in London
April 29 U.S. 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
April 30 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
April 30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
April 30 Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed," premieres in London
May 1 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
May 1 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04
May 1 Food rationing begins in U.S.
May 1 German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
May 1 Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
May 2 German troops vacate Jefna Tunisia
May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)
May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
May 3 U.S. 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
May 7 British 11th Huzaren occupies Tunis Tunisia
May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
May 7 U.S. 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
May 7 U.S. 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
May 8 69th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4
May 8 Adm Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn and destroy; let nothing pass"
May 9 5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia
May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens
May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders
May 11 U.S. 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st U.S. territory recaptured)
May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender
May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in U.S.
May 12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
May 13 German and Italian forces in Africa surrender
May 13 German occupiers confiscate all radios
May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463
May 15 Warsaw ghetto uprising ends, in it's destruction
May 16 German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw
May 16 Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
May 16 RAF bombs Mohne and Eder (Battle of Ruhr)
May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea
May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
May 19 Churchill pledges England's full support to U.S. against Japan
May 20 French, British and U.S. victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
May 21 Fastest 9 inning AL baseball game (89 minutes), White Sox beat Senators
May 22 1st jet fighter is tested
May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
May 22 Stalin disbands Komintern
May 23 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund
May 23 In Dr. Faustus, Serenus Zeitblom begins his bio of Adrian Leverkuhn
May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr. Faustus
May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean
May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
May 25 Riot at Mobile Alabama shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
May 25 Trident conference in Washington D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
May 26 1st president of a black country to visit U.S. (Edwin Barclay, Liberia)
May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
May 26 Premier Churchill and General Marshall fly from U.S. to North Africa
May 27 French defiance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
May 27 U.S. forbid racial discrimination in war industry
May 28 British militia reaches Tito
May 29 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)
May 29 Meat and cheese rationed in U.S.
May 30 French general De Gaulle arrives in Algiers
May 30 U.S. troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
June 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
June 1 Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game
June 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission, over Italy
June 2 German assault on Sebastopol Krim, begins
June 3 United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration forms
June 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson and Col Juan Peron
June 4 St. Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
June 5 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
June 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
June 9 U.S. income tax withholding paycheck deductions authorized
June 10 Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes 1st U.S. President to visit a foreign country during wartime
June 11 British invades Pantelleria, tiny island south of Sicily
June 11 Heinrich Himmler orders liquidation of Polish ghettos
June 12 Himmler orders extermination of all Polish ghettos
June 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
June 17 Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs
June 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
June 19 NFL's Philadelphia Eagles and Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)
June 19 "Shiek Of Arahy" Spike Jones and City Slickers peaks at #19
June 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded
June 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
June 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
June 20 National Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) organizes
June 20 New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3 km dia)
June 20 Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track and field championship in NY
June 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead
June 22 WEB DuBois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters
June 23 Dutch artsens protest against nazis
June 23 RAF discovers Werner von Brauns V1/V2-base in Peenemunde
June 24 Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg
June 25 Crematory III at Birkenau is finished
June 25 Seyss-Inquart orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
June 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
June 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
June 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
June 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)
June 29 U.S. forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
June 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel, island-hopping
July 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
July 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
July 2 Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning and beat Yankees 12-0
July 2 Lt Charles Hall, becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane
July 3 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
July 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
July 5 Battle of Koersk, U.S.S.R. begins (6,000 tanks)
July 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
July 5 U.S. invasion fleet of 96 ships sails to Sicily
July 6 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed
July 6 U.S. destroyer William D. Porter [Willie Dee] launched
July 7 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
July 7 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
July 7 Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java
July 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
July 8 4th day of battle at Kursk: General Model uses last tank reserve
July 8 British air raid sinks U-232
July 8 U.S. invasion fleet passes Bizerta, Tunisia
July 9 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
July 9 British air raid sinks U-435
July 10 6th day of battle at Kursk
July 10 U.S. and Britain invade Sicily in WW II, Operation Husky
July 11 7th day of battle at Kursk
July 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering Armour division in Sicily
July 11 U.S. 45th Division occupies airport Comiso, Sicily
July 11 U.S. 82nd Airborne division shot at, by "friendly fire" in Sicily
July 12 Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
July 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
July 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
July 12 Russian offensive at Orel
July 12 Tank battle at Prochorowka - Russians beat Nazis, about 12,000 die
July 13 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
July 13 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany
July 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
July 18 British assault on Catania Sicily
July 18 Giants and Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, New York wins, 10-6
July 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II
July 20 Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Nimitz (landing Gilbert Island)
July 22 U.S. forces led by General George Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily
July 23 Battle of Koersk, U.S.S.R. ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
July 23 U.S. 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
July 24 RAF bombs Hamburg (20,000 dead)
July 25 1st warship named for a Black person, USS Leonard Roy Harmon, launched
July 25 Benito Mussolini captured, dismissed as premier of Italy during WW II
July 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
July 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
July 26 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
July 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
July 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
July 28 Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns
July 28 President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces end of coffee rationing in U.S.
July 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
July 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
July 30 Last Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movie released (Girl Crazy)
July 30 U.S. 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
July 31 Transport nr 58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany
August 1 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
August 1 Race riot in Harlem New York City
August 1 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 and U-383
August 2 Armed revolt breaks out in Treblinka
August 2 Lt. John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands
August 2 RAF bombs Hamburg
August 2 Sunderland seaplanes sinks U-706 and U-106
August 2 Uprising at Treblinka Concentration Camp (crematorium destroyed)
August 3 Gen. Patton slaps a U.S. GI in the hospital accusing him of cowardice
August 3 Nazi occupiers attack city Orel, leave it in fire
August 4 British premier Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
August 4 Russian units reach suburbs of Orel
August 4 USAF bombs Germans in Troina
August 5 Sicily: 3 U.S. A-36's bomb British headquarter
August 5 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
August 6 U.S. 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
August 7 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
August 8 Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec
August 8 U.S. amphibians land at St. Agata on North coast of Sicily
August 8 Vegetables and fruit rationed in Holland
August 9 Bertolt Brecht's "Leben des Galilei," premieres in Zurich
August 10 Dutch submarine attacks Island Hertenbeest in NW Bali
August 10 Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots
August 11 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
August 11 Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concert, premieres
August 11 U.S. amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
August 13 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk
August 14 1st allied air raid on Borneo
August 14 U.S. 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
August 15 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
August 16 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
August 16 Bulgarian czar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler
August 17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde
August 17 General Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies
August 17 U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17O at attack on Regensburg/Schweinfurt
August 18 Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd and final game, all with Giants
August 18 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika Greece arrive at Auschwitz
August 18 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia
August 19 Belgian church excommunicates nazi Leon Degrelle
August 19 U.S. air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
August 21 Gromyko named U.S.S.R.-ambassador in Washington
August 21 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
August 22 Soviet troops free Karkov
August 23 Red army recaptures Charkow
August 24 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
August 25 10th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 27, Washington 7 (48,471)
August 25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
August 25 Lord Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia
August 25 Red Army under General Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka
August 25 U.S. forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
August 28 Denmark, declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers
August 28 Mussolini transfered from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso
August 29 Denmark scuttles their warships so as not to be taken by Germany
August 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: U.S. assault on Marcus Island
August 31 Japanse occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
September 3 British 8th army lands in South Italy (Messina)
September 3 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily
September 4 British 8th army lands at Taranto South Italy
September 5 57th U.S. Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats A Louise Brough (63 57 63)
September 5 U.S. airland at Nadzab, New-Guinea
September 6 63rd U.S. Mens Tennis: J R Hunt Seaman beats Jack Kramer (63 68 108 60)
September 6 Carl Scheib becomes youngest pitcher in AL (16y 8 ms) of the A's
September 6 "Congressional Limited" train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79
September 7 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
September 7 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston Texas)
September 8 General Eisenhower announce unconditional surrender of Italy in WW II
September 8 Lieutenant-general Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers Sicily
September 8 New York Giants' pitcher Ace Adams sets record by working in his 62nd game
September 9 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
September 9 Lieutenant-general Bradley flies from Algiers to to Marrakech/Prestwick
September 9 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
September 9 U.S., British and French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
September 10 British 8th army occupies Tarente
September 10 German troops occupied Rome and took over the protection of Vatican City
September 10 Italian fleet anchors at Malta
September 10 Lieutenant-general Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London
September 11 Allied arm forces conquerors Salerno
September 11 Jewish ghettos of Minsk and Lida Belorussia liquidated
September 11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island
September 11 U.S. and Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
September 12 Free French lands on Corsica
September 12 German paratroopers, on orders of Adolf Hitler, seize former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini who was being held prisoner by the government
September 12 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Mussolini at Gran Sasso
September 13 Chiang Kai-shek became president of China
September 13 German counter attack at Salerno
September 13 Having been Generalissimo since 1928, Chiang Kai-shek elected president
September 14 Comedians Jerry Stiller and Anne Meara marries
September 14 Yankees clinch pennant #14
September 15 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
September 15 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
September 15 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
September 16 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
September 16 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
September 17 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
September 17 Red Army recaptures Brjansk
September 18 Cardinals clinch NL pennant
September 18 Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)
September 19 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
September 19 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
September 20 Liberator bombers sinks U-338
September 21 Arundel (Solomon Island) in U.S. hands
September 21 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
September 21 Russian 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
September 21 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
September 22 British dwarf submarines attack Tirpitz
September 22 Destroyer Itchen torpedoed and sinks
September 22 Destroyer Keppel sinks U-229
September 24 Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
September 25 Russian troops liberate Smolensk
September 27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
September 27 Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter
September 29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel
September 29 Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice
September 29 German riots at Amsterdam Jews
September 29 Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchug
September 30 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit
October 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
October 1 Averell Harriman named U.S. ambassador to Moscow
October 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
October 1 King's Dragon Guards liberates suburbs of Naples
October 2 Japanse troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
October 2 Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 and 7-6
October 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
October 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
October 4 Corsica freed by Free French
October 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
October 5 U.S. air raid on Wake
October 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island
October 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"
October 7 Weill/Perelman/Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus," premieres in New York City
October 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
October 10 Chiang Kai-shek takes oath of office as president of China
October 10 U.S. bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
October 11 New York Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series
October 12 U.S. bombs Rabaul, New Britain
October 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
October 14 400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland
October 14 Japan declares Philippine Independence (premier/president Jose Laurel)
October 14 Outbreak attempt in Sobibor Concentration Camp
October 14 U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 during assault on Schweinfurt
October 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
October 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
October 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
October 16 U.S. 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
October 17 Liberators sink U-540 and U-631
October 18 U.S. bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
October 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
October 19 Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert
October 19 Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces retirement (hates New York)
October 23 1st Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
October 23 Burma railway opens
October 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
October 25 Burma railroad completed and opens
October 28 U-220 sinks
October 29 3 allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
October 30 Italian director Federico Fellini marries actress Giulietta Masina
October 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN
October 30 Soviet forces under Tolbuchin stick Sivash-bay about
October 31 Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Brooklyn (48-10)
November 1 Dim-out ban lifted in San Francisco Bay area
November 1 U.S. troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
November 2 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
November 3 Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in Moscow
November 3 P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North-Holland
November 4 France arrests government of Lebanon
November 5 Vatican bombed
November 6 Russian troops land on Kertsj peninsula
November 6 Soviet forces reconquer Kiev
November 6 Stalin says: "The issue of German fascism is lost"
November 7 Detroit Lions 0, New York Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL
November 11 Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP
November 11 U.S. air raid on Rabaul
November 12 Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
November 14 Chicago Bear Sid Luckman passes for 7 touchdowns vs New York Giants (56-7)
November 14 J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN
November 18 1st U.S. ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
November 18 444 British bombers attack Berlin
November 18 U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
November 19 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
November 20 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
November 20 U.S. forces land on Tarawa and Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
November 21 7 Belgian ministers in London sentence King Leopold III
November 22 FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan
November 22 Lebanon declares independence from French administration
November 22 RAF begins air bombing of Berlin
November 22 U.S. troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island
November 23 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
November 23 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation
November 23 Phils owner William D. Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team
November 23 U.S. forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island and Makin from Japanese
November 25 U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
November 27 31st CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Flying Wildcats defeat Winn Bombers, 23-14
November 27 Conference of Teheran (Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin)
November 28 FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Tehran to map out strategy
November 29 Partisan Tito forms temporary government in Jajce Bosnia
November 29 U-86 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
November 29 U.S. aircraft carrier Hornet launched
December 1 FDR, Churchill and Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
December 2 1st RSHA transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
December 3 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (quarterback)
December 3 Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
December 3 Howard Hanson's 4th Symphony, premieres
December 3 Strike of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
December 4 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Churchill and Turkish President Inonu
December 4 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr. Ribar
December 5 NFL Philadelphia Eagle-Pitts Steeler merger disolves
December 7 Cairo: president Roosevelt travels back to the US
December 8 John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle," premieres in New York City
December 10 British 8th Army occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
December 13 150 U.S. Marauders bomb Schiphol
December 16 "Tamiami Champion" trains collide, kills 73 and injures 200
December 17 Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
December 19 Military coup in Bolivia
December 20 "International" is no longer U.S.S.R. National Anthem
December 22 Manufacturers get permission to use synthetic rubber for baseball core
December 22 WEB Du Bois elected 1st black member, National Inst of Arts and Letters
December 23 1st telecast of a complete opera (Hansel and Gretel), Schenectady, New York
December 23 General Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day
December 24 Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints General Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces
December 24 Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines," premieres in London
December 26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
December 26 Chicago Bears win NFL championship
December 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter
December 27 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
December 27 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea
December 27 Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower and Bedell Smith
December 28 All inhabitants of Kalmukkie deported, about 70,000 killed
December 30 Phillies trade Babe Dahlgren to Pitts for Babe Phelps and cash
December 31 New York City's Times Square greets Frank Sinatra at Paramount Theater