October 20 Events in History - October 20 Birthdays - October 20 Deaths
2014 Dominican fashion designer Oscar de la Renta dies at age 82 at his home in Kent, Connecticut, after battling cancer for 8 years
2014 The Turkish government has reversed its stance and is now allowing Kurds to cross into Syria in order to fight Islamic State forces
2013 To prevent problems with airbag deployment caused by issues with their electrical system, Toyota Motor Corporation recalls 885,000 vehicles
2013 Major bushfires that have endangered lives and destroyed homes cause Barry O'Farrell, the Premier of Australia's New South Wales to declare a state of emergency
2012 Following severe floods in southern France, hundreds of pilgrims are evacuated from the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes
2012 Noam Chomsky, a Jewish-American philosopher, linguist and human rights activist, visits Gaza for the first time, attending a seminar with Gazan thinkers and intellectuals
2011 Thailand's Prime Minister, Yingluck Shinawatra, reveals it is impossible to protect Bangkok from flooding; calls the floods a 'national crisis'
2011 President Barack Obama's Jobs Act fails to receive the sixty votes required to advance from the U.S. Senate
2010 Astronomers discover the new galaxy UDFy-38135539, the most distant object observed from earth
2009 European astronomers discover 32 extrasolar planets, or exoplanets - planets that orbit a star other than the Sun
1997 Richard Gnida, Limo driver in Detroit Red Wings crash, pleads guilty
1997 U.S. accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers
1996 "Summer and Smoke" closes at Criterion Theater New York City
1996 Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Samsung World Championship of Women's Golf
1996 Braves Andruw Jones is youngest player to homer in World Series
1996 Samsung World Championship of Women's Golf
1996 Wasim Akram and Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wkt
1996 Wasim Akram scores cricket 257 vs. Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura, 12 sixes
1995 STS-73 (Columbia 18), launches into orbit
1995 Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final
1993 Highest scoring World Series game Blue Jays 15, Phillies 14 in 4h14m
1992 1st World Series game outside of U.S. - Toronto beats Atlanta
1992 David Houghton gets Zimbabwe's 1st Test ton (121 vs. India, debut)
1991 "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" opens at Broadhurst New York City for 9 performances
1991 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die
1991 Actress Lisa Hartman weds country singer Clint Black
1991 Formal opening ceremony of International One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colorado
1990 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida
1990 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 U.S. cities (for U.S. - Iraq war)
1990 Cincinnati Reds sweep Oakland A's in 86th World Series
1989 Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India and WI on round-robin
1989 U.S. Senate impeaches U.S. District Judge Alcee L Hastings
1988 "Les Miserables," opens at Forrest Theatre, Philadelphia
1988 Britain ends suspects right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA
1988 Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons"
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers beat Oakland A's in World Series 4 games to 1
1988 Man armed with explosives blows self up in 125 St. subway station (New York City)
1988 Reggie Rogers, Det Lion's # 1 pick, kills 3 by driving intoxicated
1988 Dodgers win World Series, LA 1st to have both NBA and baseball champs as LA beats Oakland A's, 4 games to 1 in 85th World Series
1987 10 die as Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis
1987 Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)
1987 Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail
1986 Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa
1984 Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed
1984 Islander's Mike Bossy's 30th career hat trick-4 goals
1983 IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released
1982 Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's
1982 Nobel prize for economy awarded to George Stigler
1982 Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected
1982 St. Louis Cardinals beat Mil Brewers, 4 games to 3 in 79th World Series
1981 1st NBA game at Meadowlands Arena, New Jersey Nets lose to New York Knicks 103-99
1981 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery
1981 Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured
1979 Bob Dylan appears on SNL
1979 John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston
1979 John Tate beats Gerrie Coetze in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1978 Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government
1978 Police's 1st U.S. concert (NY's CBGBs)
1977 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater," premieres in New York City
1977 Hamilton Deane and John Balderstons "Dracula," premieres in New York City
1976 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince
1976 New York Nets Julius "Dr. J" Erving sold to Philadelphia 76ers
1975 Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning
1974 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF
1974 Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center New York City
1973 Canadian actor William Shatner (Star Trek) marries Marcy Lafferty
1973 Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz"
1973 OPEC oil embargo begins
1973 President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athelete of 1st century
1973 Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House
1973 U.S. president Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox
1973 William Shatner marries Marcy Lafferty
1973 Solicitor General Bork, Attorney General Richardson and Deputy Attorney General Ruckelshaus resigned
1973 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR and moves station from New York City to Scituate Mass
1972 Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia
1971 "Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" opens at Barrymore for 325 per
1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize
1970 American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
1970 Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit and Return)
1969 WKYH (now WYMT) TV channel 57 in Hazard, Kentucky (NBC) begins broadcasting
1968 "Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater New York City for 17 performances
1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1968 Jacqueline Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis
1968 Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4)
1967 7 men are convicted of civil rights violations in Meridan Miss
1967 Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's
1967 KMXN (now KJTV) TV channel 34 in Lubbock, Texas (IND) begins broadcasting
1965 19th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-2 at Montreal
1965 Beatles receive a gold record for "Yesterday"
1965 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia
1964 "Golden Boy" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 569 performances
1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
1964 Riot at Rolling Stones show in Paris (150 arrested)
1963 Alec Douglas-Home forms British government
1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1963 Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 8,390 yards
1963 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Hillside Golf Open
1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela and 8 others on conspiracy
1963 WITV TV channel 7 in Charleston, South Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting
1962 "Mr President" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 265 performances
1962 Chinese army lands in India
1962 Musical, "Mr President," written by Irving Berlin, opens on Bdwy
1962 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1960 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
1960 Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager
1959 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
1959 WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast
1957 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt
1957 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary
1956 58 degrees F (15 degrees C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
1956 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
1955 "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
1955 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
1955 Ira Levin's "No Time for Sergeants," premieres in New York City
1955 Yankees begin 16-game exhibition in Japan
1954 "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 149 performances
1953 WRAU (now WHOI) TV channel 19 in Peoria, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1952 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
1947 HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
1947 Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000 for 3 years
1947 Robinson Jeffer's "Medea," premieres in New York City
1946 Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs New York Giants
1945 Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial of Neurenberg
1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland explodes, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
1944 Revolution by workers and students in Guatemala
1944 Russian/Yugoslavian troops free Belgrade
1944 U.S. 1st army wins battle of Aachen
1944 U.S. 6th army lands on Leyte, Philippines
1944 U.S. forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines
1942 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
1941 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
1940 Cheese rationed in Netherlands
1940 Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
1939 "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orchestra
1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus
1936 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
1936 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
1935 Anti-fascist People front forms in Brussels
1935 Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up
1935 Mao Tse Tung and his Communist forces ended their "Long March" at Yan'an, in Shaanxi China
1934 All-Star team led by Babe Ruth and Connie Mack sails to Hawaii and Japan
1934 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"
1932 Journalist, Robert Trout, joins CBS
1931 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
1930 Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premiers on NBC radio
1930 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
1929 Bayshore Highway opens (SF)
1926 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
1922 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
1920 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in New York City
1918 Germans, aimed at an armistice, Germans agree to further concessions
1912 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St. New York City
1912 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
1911 Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210 W 46th St. New York City
1911 Roald Amundsen sets out on race to South Pole
1910 1st appearance of cork centered baseball in World Series
1910 Soccer team KFC forms in Alkmaar
1908 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
1906 Dr. Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
1905 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
1905 Russian tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
1903 U.S. wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska and Canada
1899 Battle at Talana Hill Natal: British army vs Boers
1899 Columbia (U.S.) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup
1898 North Carolina Mutual and Provident Insurance Company forms
1891 1st International 6 day bike race (New York MSG) begins
1889 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang," premieres in Berlin
1888 Chicago and All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, New Zealand
1883 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre," 1st performed
1883 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
1877 Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres
1873 P. T. Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth," opens (New York City)
1864 Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
1862 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
1856 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
1847 Little William Nelman poisons his grandpa
1845 Opera "Tannhauser" is produced (Dresden)
1843 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
1835 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago/sails to Tahiti
1833 Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana
1827 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russian/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
1822 1st edition of London Sunday Times
1820 Spain sells part of Florida to U.S. for $5 million
1818 49th parallel forms as border between U.S. and Canada
1818 U.S. and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
1817 1st Mississippi "Showboat," leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
1813 German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
1803 U.S. Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
1786 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in U.S.
1774 Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
1751 Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
1740 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia
1714 Georg Ludwig of Hannover crowned as King George I
1634 English King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax
1603 Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed
1600 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
1587 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
1576 Spanish troops occupies and plunder Maastricht
1536 Danish/Norw king Christian III leads reform in Catholic possessions
1528 Treaty of Gorinchem (Emperor and church)
1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch