1900 in History
January 1 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
January 1 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria established
January 1 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
January 2 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
January 2 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
January 3 Gerhart Hauptmanns "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
January 3 Perihelion Passage
January 6 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
January 6 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso," premieres in Paris
January 10 Lord Roberts and Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
January 12 Freeland Colony founded in US
January 14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome
January 15 SCNEC soccer team forms
January 18 Jan Blockx's "Tol Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
January 24 Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
January 24 Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England
January 26 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer," premieres in Stuttgart
January 27 Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
January 29 American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Minneapolis
January 29 Boers under Joubert beat English at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
February 2 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
February 3 Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
February 5 British troops under General Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
February 6 Battle at Vaalkrans, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
February 7 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
February 7 Labour Party forms in England
February 9 Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
February 10 Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec)
February 14 Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock"
February 15 General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
February 16 1st Chinese daily newspaper in U.S. publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
February 16 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
February 18 Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
February 18 Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
February 18 British troops occupy Monte Christo Natal
February 19 British troops occupy Hlangwane Natal
February 22 Battle at Wynne's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
February 22 Hawaii became a U.S. territory
February 23 Battle at Hart's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
February 23 Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in San Francisco Bay
February 27 Battle at Pietershoogte
February 27 Boer General Cronje surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South Africa
February 27 British Labour Party forms
February 28 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
March 3 U.S. Steel Corporation organizes
March 5 American Hall of Fame found
March 7 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees
March 7 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
March 8 NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville and Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
March 10 Battle at Driefontein, South Africa (Boers vs. British army)
March 12 President Steyn of Orange-Free state flees from Bloemfontein
March 13 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange-Free state
March 14 Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
March 14 U.S. currency goes on gold standard
March 16 Sir Arthur Evans finds old city of Knossus
March 17 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
March 18 Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
March 25 U.S. Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
March 30 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
March 31 Brigadier General Broadwoods troops fall into guerrilla hands
April 1 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
April 2 1st edition of The Volk published in Amsterdam
April 4 Assassination attempt on prince of Wales/king Edward VII
April 4 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
April 5 Attempted assassination of Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
April 6 James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
April 11 U.S. Navy's 1st submarine made its debut
April 14 President Loubet opens International Fairs in Paris
April 14 Veteran's Hospital at Ft. Miley forms
April 15 An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hours
April 15 International Exposition opens in Paris
April 16 U.S. Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
April 17 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
April 19 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
April 19 Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
April 23 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (New York Journal)
April 24 Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer
April 26 AL opener in Cleveland draws 6,500
April 30 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
April 30 U.S. annexes Hawaii
May 1 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
May 1 Roermond soccer team forms in Roermond
May 2 George Bernard Shaws "You Never Can Tell," premieres in London
May 3 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06
May 5 "The Billboard" began weekly publication
May 8 250 grave robbers shot to death
May 8 John McGraw and Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
May 11 James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavywgt boxing title
May 12 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
May 12 Lord Roberts' troops occupies Crown city
May 17 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
May 18 Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga
May 19 Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
May 19 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy and Switzerland, opens
May 20 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
May 22 Associated Press organizes in New York City as non-profit news cooperative
May 22 Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
May 23 Associated Press News Service forms in New York
May 24 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21
May 24 Britain annexes Orange Free State
May 25 Eyre M. Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
May 26 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
May 27 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
May 28 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
May 28 Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
May 28 Solar eclipse occurs
May 29 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
May 29 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
May 31 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
May 31 Piet de Law captures Lt-colonel Spragges Irish Yeomanry
May 31 Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
May 31 U.S. troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
June 1 British army occupiers Pretoria South Africa
June 5 Lord Roberts' army occupies Pretoria
June 7 Boer general Christian de Law occupiers British train depot Roodewal
June 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons"
June 11 Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
June 12 German Navy Law calls for massive increase in sea power
June 13 China's Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Christians
June 14 Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
June 18 Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
June 18 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
June 21 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
June 24 Dutch Social-Democratic Worker's party and Socialistenbond merge
June 26 Dr. Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
June 30 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks, New Jersey, 326 die
July 2 Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1st airship LZ-1, flies
July 2 Sibelius' "Finlandia," premieres in Helsinki
July 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
July 7 Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
July 8 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
July 9 Australia accepts its constitution
July 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
July 12 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
July 13 Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
July 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
July 17 New York Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Brooklyn Superbas
July 19 Michel Theato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
July 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
July 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
July 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
July 25 Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
July 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
July 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo and Roux surrenders in Brandwater Basin
August 7 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
August 8 1st Davis Cup tennis competition, named after Dwight Filley Davis, began at Longwood Cricket Club in Massachusetts, and won by U.S. 2 days later
August 10 1st Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Boston (3-0)
August 14 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
August 14 2,000 marines land to capture Beijing, ending Boxer rebellion
August 19 Start of the one and only olympic cricket match, in Paris
August 20 Great Britain beats France in cricket in Olympic Games
August 22 Gabriel Faures opera "Promethee," premieres in Beziers
August 27 Battle at Bergendal: General Buller beats Boer general Botha
August 30 Last 2000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt South Africa freed
August 31 British troops over run Johannesburg
August 31 Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies
September 2 Telegraph use between Germany and U.S. begins
September 3 British annex Natal (South Africa)
September 5 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
September 6 British General Buller occupies Lydenburg South Africa
September 8 6,000 killed when a hurricane and tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
September 10 20.3 cm rainfall at Elk Point, South Dakota (state record)
September 11 President Kruger crosses border with Mozambique
September 17 Queen Victoria disbands British parliament
September 27 Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St. New York City
October 2 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern
October 3 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
October 4 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge"
October 5 6th U.S. Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 313 at Chicago Golf Club Illinois
October 5 Harry Vardon wins U.S. Open golf tournament
October 7 The term "orienteering" is 1st used for an event
October 9 8.3 earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
October 16 Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
October 19 Henry O. Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
October 19 South African President Paul Kruger departs for Europe
October 24 General Redvers Buller returns to England
October 25 England annexes Transvaal
October 26 After 4 years of work, 1st section of New York subway opens
October 28 After over 5 months 2nd Olympic games in Paris France, close
October 30 1st-ever U.S. auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in New York City
October 31 AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace
November 3 1st U.S. automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (New York City)
November 6 Battle at Bothaville: general-major Charles Knox beats Boers
November 6 President William McKinley (R) re-elected, beating William Jennings Bryan
November 8 Theodore Dreiser's novel "Sister Carrie" is published
November 12 World's Fair in Paris opens, 50 million visitors
November 13 Baltimore Orioles (now New York Yankees) enter baseball's American League
November 29 Lord Kitchener succeeds lord Roberts up as supreme commander in South Africa
November 30 A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles
December 1 South African president Paul Kruger visits Flanders
December 2 South African president Paul Kruger arrives in Germany
December 9 Dutch President Paul Kruger and Queen Wilhelmina have a triumphant procession
December 13 Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey/Smuts beat Britten
December 16 Boer army under General Kritzinger take Cape colony
December 17 1st prize of 100,00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy
December 17 New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million
December 20 Giacobini discovers a comet (will be 1st comet visited by spacecraft)
December 21 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Michael Kramer," premieres in Berlin
December 24 Herman Heijermans' "Hope of Blessing" premieres in Amsterdam
December 25 Arthur Schnitzlers "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany
December 27 Carrie Nation's 1st public smashing of a bar (Carey Hotel, Wichita KS)
December 29 General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia