1909 in History
January 1 Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)
January 2 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
January 5 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
January 9 Ernest Shackleton reaches 88 degrees 23' south
January 14 Coop. Far. Central Management forms
January 16 British explorer Ernest Shackleton finds magnetic south pole
January 16 David, Mawson and Mackay reach south magnetic pole
January 19 Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way," premieres in New York City
January 22 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
January 23 1st radio rescue at sea
January 25 Richard Strauss' premier of "Electricity" in Dresden
January 28 U.S. military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
February 1 U.S. Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens
February 2 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
February 8 France and Germany sign treaty about Morocco
February 9 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)
February 9 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio
February 12 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
February 12 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter and Wijnkoop)
February 12 Robert Fowler runs world record marathon (2:46:52.6)
February 16 1st subway car with side doors goes into service in New York City
February 16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
February 18 Boston Red Sox trade Cy Young, at 41, to Cleveland Naps
February 21 John Galsworthy's "Strife," premieres in London
February 22 Great White Fleet, 1st U.S. fleet to circle the globe, returns to Virginia
February 23 Russian tsar Nicolas II dissolves Finnish Diet
March 1 1st U.S. university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
March 2 Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
March 3 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
March 4 President Taft inaugrated at 27th president during 10" snowstorm
March 4 U.S. prohibits interstate transportation of game birds
March 6 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Griselda," premieres in Vienna
March 10 Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title
March 14 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
March 18 Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
March 21 Moran and MacFarland (U.S.) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
March 26 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti," premieres in Stockholm
March 30 Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan and Queens
March 31 Baseball rules players who jump contracts are suspended for 5 years
March 31 Gustav Mahler conducts New York Philharmonic for his 1st time
April 6 1st credit union forms in US
April 6 North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary and Matthew Henson
April 12 Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
April 14 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
April 15 Mien Wenneker, Dutch prince Henry's lover, weds Uncle Cornelis Abbo
April 15 New York Giant Red Ames 2nd no-hitter, loses in 13 on a 7 hitter to Dodgers
April 18 Joan of Arc declared a saint
April 19 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of New Hampshire in 2:53:36.8
April 24 Harry Hillman and Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
April 27 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
May 1 Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
May 2 Honus Wagner steals his way around bases in 1st inning against Cubs
May 3 35th Kentucky Derby: Vincent Powers on Wintergreen wins in 2:08.2
May 7 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
May 8 Albert Raines runs world record marathon (2:46:04.6)
May 8 Frederick Barrett runs world record marathon (2:42:31)
May 10 Winchester's Fred Toney no-hits Lexington for 17 inning
May 12 34th Preakness: Willie Doyle aboard Effendi wins in 1:39.8
May 13 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
May 17 White firemen on Georgia RR strike to protest hiring blacks
May 19 Jack Johnson fights Jack O'Brien to no decision in 6 for boxing title
May 22 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
May 24 Bristol University granted Royal Charter
May 29 Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run
May 30 Reuben Siegel laid cornerstone of 1st home in Tel-Aviv
May 31 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, New York City)
June 1 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
June 2 43rd Belmont: Eddie Dugan aboard Joe Madden wins in 2:21.6
June 7 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
June 12 "Shine On, Harvest Moon" by Ada Jones and Billy Murray hits #1
June 16 1st U.S. airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000
June 16 Jim Thorpe makes his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with 4-2 win, this will cause him to forfeit his Olympic medals
June 18 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women
June 20 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham and Eleanor Waring)
June 23 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
June 24 15th U.S. Golf Open: George Sargent shoots a 290 at Englewood Golf Club New Jersey
June 25 George Sargent wins U.S. Open golf tournament
June 26 23rd U.S. Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss beats Maud Barger-Wallach (60 61)
June 26 Victoria and Albert Museum opens in London
June 27 23rd U.S. Womens Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats M Barger-Wallach (60 61)
June 27 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Netherlands (Belgium count De Lambert)
June 28 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
June 30 Jack Johnson fights Tony Ross to no decision in 6 for hw boxing title
July 8 1st pro baseball game, minor league, played under lights
July 12 16th Amendment approved, power to tax incomes
July 14 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
July 15 Ty Cobb hits 2 inside-the-park home runs
July 16 Detroit and Washington play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
July 19 Cleveland shortstop Neal Ball executes an unassisted triple play
July 24 Bkln Dodger Nap Rucker strikes out 16 Pittsburgh Pirates
July 25 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel
July 27 Orville Wright tests 1st U.S. Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s
July 30 John A. Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League
July 30 Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
July 31 Bill Burns has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
August 1 British SS Waratah disappears on Sydney to London, 300 killed
August 2 1st Lincoln head pennies minted
August 2 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers
August 4 Ump Tim Hurst instigates a riot by spitting at A's 2nd baseman Eddie Collins, who had questioned a call, this leads to Hurst's banishment
August 7 U.S. issues 1st Lincoln penny
August 10 Algemeene Netherland Toonkunstenars Ver (ANTV) begins
August 11 Liner "Arapahoe" is 1st ship to use SOS distress call
August 11 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
August 11 Warren Bardsley (136 and 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
August 19 Indianapolis 500 race track opens
August 24 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
August 26 Frank Tarrant scores cricket 145 and 13-67 for Middlesex vs. Gloucs
August 26 Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn and 31 in a single day
August 27 Jack Chesbro's final Yankee game
August 29 AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
August 29 World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins
August 31 A. J. Reach Co. patents cork-centered baseball
August 31 Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)
September 2 English King Edward VII signs South Africa Bill
September 6 Word received, Admiral Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier
September 9 Jack Johnson fights Al Kaufman to no decision in 10 for boxing title
September 11 Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
September 13 Ty Cobb clinches AL home run title with his 9th home run (all inside-the-park)
September 18 Largest paid baseball attendance (35,409), A's beat Tigers, 2-0 in Det
September 25 Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in N.Y.
September 27 29th U.S. Mens Tennis: W A Larned beats W J Clothier (61 62 57 16 61)
October 2 1st rugby match (Twickenham)
October 8 Chicago Cubs beat New York Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
October 9 Ty Cobb steals home in World Series game
October 14 Pirates beat Tigers, 5-4, forces 1st full 7 game world series
October 16 Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
October 16 Pirates beat Tigers 4 games to 3 in 6th World Series
October 18 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
November 4 Opera "Il Segreto di Susanna" is produced (Munich)
November 7 Knights and Ladies of St. Peter Claver organizes in Mobile Alabama
November 11 Construction of Navy base at Pearl Harbor begins
November 11 J. M. Synge's "Tinker's Wedding," premieres in London
November 13 259 miners die in a fire at St. Paul Mine at Cherry Ill
November 13 Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
November 16 EVV Eindhoven soccer team forms
November 18 U.S. invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
November 19 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
November 20 Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
November 23 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)
November 23 Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes
December 1 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
December 1 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
December 4 1st CFL Grey Cup: University of Toronto defeats Toronto Parkdale, 26-6
December 7 Leo Baekeland, Yonkers, patents 1st thermosetting plastic (Bakelite)
December 8 Bird banding society found
December 9 1st U.S. monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, New York)
December 11 Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
December 11 Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, New York City
December 15 Thomas J Lynch becomes president of baseball's National League
December 16 U.S. pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos Zelaya from office
December 17 Leopold II, king of Belgium, buried in Brussels
December 21 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
December 21 Clyde Fitch' "City," premieres in New York City
December 21 University of Coopenhagen rejects Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
December 23 Albert becomes king of Belgians