1944 in History
January 1 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, New York City
January 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
January 1 General Clark replaces General Patton as commander of 7th Army
January 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
January 7 Air Force announces production of 1st U.S. jet fighter, the Bell P-59
January 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Philadelphia
January 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
January 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
January 12 Churchill and de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
January 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
January 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
January 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
January 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England
January 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
January 16 General Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
January 17 Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
January 18 1st Chinese naturalized U.S. citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
January 20 RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin
January 21 447 German bombers attack London
January 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
January 22 During World War II, Allied forces begin landing at Anzio Italy
January 23 Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon," premieres in New York City
January 23 Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers and NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals and most lopsided game 15-0
January 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
January 27 Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, and Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
January 27 Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed
January 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
January 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah," premieres in Pittsburgh
January 28 U-271 and U-571 sunk off Ireland
January 29 285 German bombers attack London
January 30 U.S. invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
January 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
January 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
January 31 U.S. forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
February 1 Supreme Soviet enlarges soviet republics' autonomy
February 1 U.S. 7th Infantry/25th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
February 2 4th U.S. marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands
February 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
February 2 Baseball meets in New York City to discuss postwar action
February 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision," premieres in New York City
February 4 Jean Anouilh's "Antigone," premieres in Paris
February 4 U.S. 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
February 5 358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin
February 7 Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records
February 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy
February 8 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
February 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
February 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
February 10 Belgium resistance fighter/author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
February 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
February 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia Italy
February 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
February 12 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
February 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
February 14 Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial and Sport Fishing
February 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin
February 15 Bombing and shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
February 17 Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; U.S. victory on Feb 22
February 17 U.S. begins night bombing of Truk
February 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
February 18 Youngest baseball player, Cincinnati Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
February 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
February 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
February 20 Batman and Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
February 20 U.S. takes Eniwetok Island
February 21 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (New York City only)
February 22 U.S. 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem and Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
February 24 Argentina coup by Juan Peron minister of war
February 25 U.S. 1st Army completes invasion plan
February 26 1st female U.S. Navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
February 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
February 29 U.S. troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands
March 1 Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns
March 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
March 2 16th Academy Awards - "Casablanca," Jennifer Jones and Paul Lukas win
March 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocates 521 in Italy
March 3 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony
March 4 1st U.S. bombing of Berlin
March 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
March 5 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
March 6 USAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
March 7 Japans begins offensive in Burma
March 8 U.S. resumes bombing Berlin
March 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
March 13 U.S.S.R. recognizes Italian Badoglio government
March 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
March 16 Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
March 17 Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke
March 18 2,500 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago, Illinois department store
March 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
March 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time," premieres in London
March 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River New Jersey, killing 16
March 20 Mount Vesuvius, Italy explodes
March 21 General Eisenhower postpones South France invasion until after Normandy
March 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
March 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
March 23 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute and lives
March 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
March 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
March 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
March 25 RAF Sergeant Nickolas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute
March 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
March 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy France for Auschwitz Concentration Camp
March 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
March 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga Latvia ghetto are shot by the gestapo
March 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
March 28 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40
March 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle and begins writing Pippi Longstocking
March 28 NBA rookie of the year in 1966, Rick Barry
March 30 781 British bombers attack Neurenberg
March 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
April 1 German Abwehr ends England spiel, after 132 killed
April 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India
April 2 CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
April 2 Dmitri Shostakovich' 8th Symphony, premieres in New York
April 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
April 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
April 3 Supreme Court (Smith vs. Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
April 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
April 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
April 5 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse
April 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain France overrun by Nazis
April 7 General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
April 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
April 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
April 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
April 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
April 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind," premieres in New York City
April 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
April 13 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
April 13 Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
April 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
April 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
April 14 General Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet
April 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
April 18 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
April 18 Leonard Bernstein and Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in New York City
April 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
April 20 Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
April 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
April 21 NFL Chicago Cardinals and Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
April 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea
April 22 Hitler and Mussolini meet at Salzburg
April 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
April 24 RAF bombs Munich
April 24 United Negro College Fund incorporates
April 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
April 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
April 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
April 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0
April 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 U.S. soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats
April 28 Stalin meets Polish/U.S. priest S Orlemanski
April 29 Surprise attack by Van de Peat on General Landsdrukkerij in the Hague
April 30 New York Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
April 30 New York Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to Martin Flavin (Journey in the dark)
May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
May 2 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in New York City (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
May 3 Meat rationing ends in U.S.
May 3 "Meet Me in St. Louis" opens on Broadway
May 5 Gandhi freed from prison
May 5 Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim
May 6 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO
May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
May 8 U-575 sinks Asphodel
May 9 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana
May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
May 10 Smith vs. Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
May 11 Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
May 12 900+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen and Brux
May 12 Krim purged of nazi troops
May 12 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
May 13 70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2
May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
May 14 British troops occupy Kohima
May 14 General Rommel, Speidel and von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler
May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs Hungary deported to Auschwitz
May 15 Cincinnati Red Clyde Shoun no-hits Boston Braves, 1-0
May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and George VI discuss D-Day plan
May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
May 17 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
May 17 Chinese/U.S. armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Netherlands New-Guinea
May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
May 19 German defense line in Italy collapsed
May 20 U.S. Communist Party dissolves
May 21 Hitler begins attack on English/U.S. "terror pilots"
May 23 British/Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo Italy
May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
May 23 Operation-Buffalo: Allied jailbreak out Anzio-bridgehead
May 23 Polo Grounds host 1st New York City night game since 1941
May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
May 26 82nd Airborne div D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste Mere Eglise
May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou, China
May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres "Huis Clos," premieres in Paris
May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
May 30 Transport nr 75 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy
June 1 General Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
June 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
June 2 Generals Eisenhower and Montgomery dine in Portsmouth
June 2 Judendurchgangslager Vught disbands
June 3 76th Belmont: G L Smith aboard Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
June 3 Generals Giraud and de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
June 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
June 4 1st British gliders touches down on French soil for D-Day
June 4 1st submarine captured and boarded on high seas-U 505
June 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies
June 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London
June 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
June 5 1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day
June 5 Allies march into Rome
June 5 General Eisenhower decides invasion set for June 6
June 5 King Victor Emmanuel abdicates the throne for his son Umberto
June 6 Baseball cancels all games honoring D-Day invasion
June 6 D-Day: 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France
June 6 Nazi troops executed 96 prisoners by firing squad
June 6 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. receives congressional medal of honor
June 6 U-955, U-970, U-629, U-373 sink in Gulf of Biskaje
June 7 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
June 7 Claus von Stauffenberg meets Hitler
June 8 1st SS-Pantser corps counter attacks at Normandy
June 8 Allies occupy Port-and-Bessin Normandy
June 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
June 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, forms HQ in Chateau de Creully
June 9 Russian offensive in Carelia
June 10 Joe Nuxhall, 15, of Cincinnati Reds is youngest player in major league
June 10 Nazi murders in Oradour-sur-Glane, France
June 11 15 U.S. aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
June 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in U.S., Cathedral of St. Sava, New York City
June 11 KP gang surprise attack on Dome Arnhem jail
June 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
June 12 British 12th airborne batallion/13th and 18th Hussars conquer
June 12 British 12th battalion conquers Breville
June 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
June 12 U.S. troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
June 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage Normandy
June 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan
June 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles, France
June 15 U.S. forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
June 16 Iceland adopts constitution
June 16 U.S. bombs Kyushu Japan
June 17 French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba
June 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons
June 17 Iceland declares independence from Denmark at Thingvallir, Iceland
June 17 Resistance fighter/poet Col Blake arrives in London
June 18 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
June 19 Battle of Philippines Sea, 300 Japanese aircraft shot down
June 19 French troops free Elba
June 19 Heavy air raid on U.S. fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
June 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
June 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
June 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
June 20 Nazi begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
June 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
June 20 U.S. attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
June 20 U.S. troops occupy Biak
June 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
June 22 British 14th army frees Imphal Assam
June 22 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights", Servicemen's Readjustment Act
June 22 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
June 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
June 23 Russian offensive in central front sector
June 23 Thomas Mann becomes a U.S. citizen
June 25 British assault at Caen Normandy
June 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
June 26 Yankees, Dodgers and Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yankees-1 and Giants-0
June 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
June 29 German counter attack at Caen
June 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
June 29 Rommel and von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
June 29 Soviet Armys join in Bobroesjk
June 29 U.S. 7th army corp conquers Cherbourg
June 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
June 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
June 30 Universal strike against nazi terror in Copenhagen
July 1 2500+ killed in London and South East England by German flying bombs
July 1 Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF and World Bank
July 1 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
July 1 General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
July 1 Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Signs peace, idiots!"
July 2 Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
July 3 Oriole Park (minor league baseball stadium) burns down in Baltimore
July 3 U.S. V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
July 4 1,100 U.S. guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
July 4 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, U.S. fleet near Iwo Jima
July 4 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
July 4 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
July 5 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
July 6 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford, Connecticut
July 6 French General De Gaulle arrives in Washington, D.C.
July 6 U.S. General Patton lands in France
July 7 Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
July 7 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
July 8 British troops march into Caen
July 8 Japanese kamakize attacks on U.S. lines at Saipan
July 9 In World War II, U.S. troops secure Saipan as Japan fell
July 9 World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum and Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford Conn)
July 11 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
July 11 Franklin D. Roosevelt says he would run for a 4th term
July 12 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
July 12 U.S. government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
July 13 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
July 14 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
July 14 U.S. assault on Coutances, Cotentin
July 15 Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb
July 16 Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 and break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
July 17 2 ammunition ships explodes at Port Chicago, California kills 322
July 17 Russian troops cross river Bug/march into Poland
July 18 Allies air raid railways at Vaires Paris
July 18 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
July 18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Helgoland
July 18 British Mosquito's attack Cologne and Berlin
July 18 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range Normandy
July 18 Polish troops under General Anders occupy Ancona Italy
July 19 1,200+ 8th Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
July 19 500 15th Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
July 19 Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
July 19 Danish resistance fails on assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
July 19 Democratic convention opens in Chicago
July 19 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem
July 19 General Bradley flies to England
July 19 Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho/Shokaku sinks in Marianas
July 19 New York archbishop Spellman flies to Europe
July 19 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Eichmann
July 20 British/Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
July 20 Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs
July 20 Canadian Cameroon Highlanders conquer St-Andre
July 20 Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
July 20 Field Marshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
July 20 Flying Fortresses of U.S. 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
July 20 General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy
July 20 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
July 20 Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sinks by U.S. air attack
July 20 July 20th Plot-Failed assassination attempt on Hitler
July 20 Liberators of U.S. 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach
July 20 President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Dem convention
July 20 U.S. 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
July 20 U.S. 9th AF bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
July 20 U.S. invades Japanese-occupied Guam in WW II
July 20 Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)
July 21 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery
July 21 General Koiso becomes premier of Japan
July 21 U.S. forces land on Guam to get rid of Japanese invaders
July 21 Von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy
July 22 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
July 23 Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 home runs in a doubleheader
July 23 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
July 23 Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland
July 23 U.S. forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
July 23 U.S. troops occupy Pisa, Italy
July 24 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions
July 24 Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Majdanek
July 24 U.S. troops land on Tinian
July 25 1st jet fighter used in combat, Messerschmitt 262
July 25 Allied jailbreak at St-Lo, behind German lines
July 25 Japanse banzai-attack on Guam
July 25 U.S. troop march into Guam
July 25 USAF kills 136, wounds 621 GI's at St-Lo
July 26 Japanese suicide attack on U.S. lines in Guam
July 26 Russian troops arrive in Weichsel
July 26 U.S. offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St. Gilles
July 27 1st British jet fighter used in combat, Gloster Meteor
July 27 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
July 27 U.S. regains possession of Guam from Japanese
July 27 U.S. troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy
July 28 Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
July 28 U.S. 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
July 29 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
July 29 Frank McCormick (Reds) home run off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH
July 29 U.S. 4th Armour division occupiers Avranches
July 30 Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire and Villebaudon Normandy
July 30 U.S. 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy
July 31 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
July 31 Transport nr 77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
July 31 U.S. troops occupy Sansapor New-Guinea
August 1 Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East
August 1 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested
August 1 General Montgomery takes command of 12th and 21st army
August 1 U.S. 90th division occupies St. Hilaire-du-Harcourt
August 1 U.S. troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
August 2 Amsterdam soccer team "The Volewijckers" plays in orange shirts
August 2 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
August 2 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany
August 3 Allied troops conquer Myitkyina Burma
August 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
August 3 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
August 3 Lieutenant-general Stilwells troops occupy Myitkyina Burma
August 3 Tommy Brown, just 16 years and 8 months old, plays shortstop for Dodgers
August 4 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by Nazis
August 4 British 8th army reaches suburbs of Florence Italy
August 5 U.S. 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
August 5 U.S. troops occupy Vannes Bretagne
August 6 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
August 6 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
August 6 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
August 6 U.S. 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes
August 7 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
August 7 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
August 7 German counter attack at Avranches fails
August 7 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
August 7 U.S. 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest Brittany
August 8 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
August 8 Germans raid Achterhuis, home of Anne Frank and family
August 8 U.S. 15th Army corp occupies Le Mans
August 9 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw," executed at Camp Vught
August 9 Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention
August 9 U.S. 79th/90th division enter Le Mans
August 10 Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0
August 10 Race riots in Athens Alabama
August 10 U.S. recaptures Guam from Japanese
August 10 U.S./French offensive at Aleneon
August 11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
August 11 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sees
August 11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
August 11 U.S. air raid on Palembang
August 12 Churchill and Tito meet in Naples
August 12 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
August 13 British 8th army occupies Florence
August 13 Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss naderende breakthrough
August 13 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
August 14 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
August 14 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
August 14 Russian offensive at Weichsel
August 15 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
August 15 German field marshal von Kluge vanishes for one day
August 15 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
August 15 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
August 15 U.S. 12 Army corp enters Le Mans through Orleans
August 15 U.S. 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
August 16 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise Normandy
August 16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
August 16 U.S. 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
August 17 4th Canadian Armour division occupiers Trun Normandy
August 17 Canadian 2nd division conquerors Falaise Normandy
August 17 German Field Marshal Model replaces von Kluge in Normandy
August 17 Russian troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
August 17 U.S. 12 Army corp occupies Orleans
August 17 U.S. 320th regiment infantry occupies Chateaudun
August 17 Yankees Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game
August 18 Paris railroad workers strike against nazi occupiers
August 18 U.S. 15th Army corp reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
August 18 U.S. 20th Army corp conquers Chartres
August 19 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
August 19 General Bradley visits Montgomery
August 19 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
August 19 Nazi's give parts of Paris to Resistance
August 19 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
August 19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
August 19 U.S. 15th Army corp occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
August 19 U.S. 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois Normandy
August 20 26th PGA Championship: Bob Hamilton at Manito G and CC Spokane Wash
August 20 "Anna Lucasta," opens on Broadway
August 20 General de Gaulle returns to France
August 20 Russian offensive at Jassy and Kisjinev
August 20 U.S. and British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
August 21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
August 21 Grieg/Work/Forest's musical "Song of Norway," premieres in New York City
August 21 Raid on Jewish childrens house in Secretan/St-Mande
August 21 U.S. 12nd Army corp occupies Sens
August 22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 23 94.5 degrees F (34.7 degrees C) in De Bilt Netherlands and 101.5 degrees F (38.6 degrees C) in Warnsvelt
August 23 Allied troops capture Marseilles, France
August 23 General George Leclercs troops advance towards Paris
August 23 General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley/Eisenhower
August 23 King Michael of Romania ordered his forces to cease fire against Allies and dismissed the pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
August 23 Romania liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
August 23 Sammellager Drancy freed
August 23 U.S. 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
August 23 U.S. B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
August 24 General LeClercs troops open assault on Paris
August 25 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
August 25 General De Gaulle returns to Paris/walks Champs Elysees Paris
August 25 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation, Freedom Tuesday
August 25 U.S. 12nd Army corp reaches Troyes
August 26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal and German troops are to be disarmed
August 26 De Gaulle marches to Champs-Elysees
August 26 U.S. 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
August 27 200 Halifax bombers attack oil-installations in Homburg
August 28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered and Toulon cleared
August 28 U.S. air raid on Ambon
August 29 15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
August 29 Anti German rebellion in Slovakia
August 30 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
August 30 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta," premieres in New York City
August 30 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
August 31 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie," Italy
August 31 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
August 31 French troops liberate Bordeaux
August 31 Russian-Romanian troops march into Bucharest
September 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns
September 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal
September 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
September 2 During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
September 2 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz
September 2 U.S. leaders meet in Belgium
September 3 58th U.S. Womens Tennis: P Betz beats Margaret Osborne duPont (63 86)
September 3 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews (Anne Frank) leaves to Auschwitz
September 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
September 3 Frank Parker beats Bill Talbert for U.S. Tennis title
September 3 French troops liberate Lyon
September 3 Last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz
September 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Netherlands Domestic Arm Force
September 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
September 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
September 4 64th U.S. Mens Tennis: Frank Parker beats Wm F Talbert (64 36 63 63)
September 4 British 2nd Armoured pantzer division frees Antwerp
September 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with nazi-Germany
September 4 U.S. 1st Army frees Namen
September 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
September 5 Allies liberate Brussels
September 5 Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands sign unity treaty
September 5 British premier Churchill travels to Scotland
September 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
September 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
September 6 General Von Zangens 15th army escape from Zealand
September 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal Belgium
September 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
September 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London and Antwerp
September 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
September 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
September 9 Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
September 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
September 9 U.S. 113th cavalry passes Belg-Dutch borders
September 9 Very strong hurricane hits Netherland
September 10 Lieutenant-general Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"
September 11 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference
September 11 U.S. 5th pantzer division is 1st to enter nazi-Germany
September 12 Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
September 12 Noorbeek and Mheer freed
September 12 U.S. Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
September 13 30th Infantry division of U.S. 1st Army frees Margraten
September 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
September 13 U.S. 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
September 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
September 14 Gulpen, Meerssen and Maastricht freed
September 14 Hurricane hits New England: 389 die
September 14 U.S. 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
September 14 U.S. 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
September 15 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
September 15 Russian troops free Sofia Bulgaria
September 15 U.S. 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
September 15 U.S. 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
September 15 U.S. troops lands on Palau and Morotai
September 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to U.S.
September 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
September 17 Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem, Netherlands
September 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed
September 18 Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
September 18 U.S. 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
September 19 Finland and Russia agree to cease fire
September 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
September 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen, Netherlands
September 21 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrenders
September 22 Boulogne reoccupied by Allies
September 22 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel
September 22 U.S. troops land on Ulithi
September 26 British and Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
September 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
September 27 Helmond and Oss Netherlands liberated
September 28 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
September 28 Battle of Arnhem, Germans defeat British airborne in Netherlands
September 28 Nazi murders in Marzabotto, Italy (SS-major Reder)
September 29 Browns last in AL attendance,only 6,172 watch them sweep New York Yankees in DH
September 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
September 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
September 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
October 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Cordova assassinated in Guatemala
October 1 St. Louis Browns win their only AL pennant
October 2 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
October 2 U.S. B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
October 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
October 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
October 4 1st All St. Louis World Series, all games played at Sportsman's Park
October 4 British troops land on Greek continent
October 4 St. Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance
October 5 Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in New York City
October 5 Kerkrade (Netherlands) liberated
October 6 Allied aircrafts bombard per accident Fishing, Overijssel
October 6 Canadians free Austria
October 6 HM Zwaardvis sinks U168 at Java
October 6 Soviets march into Hungary and Czechoslovakia
October 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen
October 7 Field Marshal Rommel gets order to return to Berlin
October 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
October 7 Uprising at Auschwitz, Jews burn down crematoriums
October 7 Uprising at Birkenau concentration camp
October 8 "Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio
October 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto," premieres
October 9 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow
October 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin
October 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
October 9 German occupier turn off electricity in Amsterdam
October 9 St. Louis Cardinals beat St. Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series
October 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
October 10 U.S. takes Okinawa
October 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
October 12 German army retreats from Athens
October 13 Riga Latvia freed
October 13 U.S. 1st army begins battle of Aachen
October 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
October 14 British troops march into Athens
October 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
October 18 Eisenhower, Bradley and Montgomery confer in Brussel
October 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
October 19 British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
October 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
October 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama," premieres in New York City
October 19 Navy says black women can join WAVES
October 19 U.S. forces land in Philippines
October 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland explodes, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
October 20 Revolution by workers and students in Guatemala
October 20 Russian/Yugoslavian troops free Belgrade
October 20 U.S. 1st army wins battle of Aachen
October 20 U.S. 6th army lands on Leyte, Philippines
October 20 U.S. forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines
October 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
October 21 During WW II, U.S. troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
October 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune," premieres in New York City
October 22 Kurita's Vice-Admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
October 23 1st Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
October 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
October 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
October 23 Vice-Admiral Kurita's sailboat Atago sinks
October 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
October 24 U.S. air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
October 24 U.S. aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
October 24 U.S. Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
October 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
October 25 Battle at Samar-island
October 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
October 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
October 27 Hertogenbosch and Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
October 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade
October 28 Russia and Bulgaria sign weapon pact
October 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
October 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland
October 30 Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring," premieres in Washington D.C.
October 30 Anne Frank (of Diary fame) is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen
October 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
October 30 Scottish Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
October 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral and refuse sanctuary in WW II
October 30 Tholen Island freed
October 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission
November 1 Mary Coyle Chase' "Harvey," premieres in New York City
November 1 Zeeuws and Flanders freed
November 2 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
November 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
November 2 U.S. 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
November 3 Allied commando's lands at Westkapelle Walcheren
November 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrenders
November 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
November 3 U.S. 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
November 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
November 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
November 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande Walcheren
November 5 Canadian and British troops liberate Dinteloord
November 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die
November 7 Franklin D. Roosevelt wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R)
November 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
November 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
November 8 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
November 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
November 9 Walcheren of nazi troops purged
November 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
November 10 U.S. 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
November 11 New York Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4)
November 12 RAF sink German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord Norway
November 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
November 16 U.S. 9th division and 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
November 20 1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
November 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
November 20 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
November 21 Personnel and executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
November 22 Duke of Cornwalls Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
November 23 U.S. 7th army under General Patch conquers Straatsburg
November 24 U.S. bombers based on Saipan, begin 1st attack on Tokyo
November 25 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
November 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor
November 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz and Birkenau crematoriums
November 27 3,500-40,00 ton explosive, explodes in Staffordshire, 68 killed
November 27 U.S. 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen
November 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
November 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
November 28 Hal Newhouser is named AL MVP
November 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
November 28 U.S. 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
November 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
November 29 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
November 30 Biggest and last British Battleship HMS Vanguard runs aground
December 1 Bela Bartok's Concerto for orchestra, premoeres
December 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
December 1 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
December 2 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (quarterback)
December 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
December 2 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
December 2 U.S. 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
December 3 British order to disarm, causes general strike in Greece
December 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
December 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
December 3 NFL Cardinals-Pitts merger disolves
December 3 U.S. 5th Armour division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
December 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
December 5 German troops rob all the silver coin in Utrecht
December 6 U.S. 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
December 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
December 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
December 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by nazis
December 10 German counter attack at Dillingen-bridgehead at Saar
December 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
December 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into U.S. cruiser Nashville, kills 138
December 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth," premieres in New York City
December 14 Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
December 14 Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
December 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
December 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms
December 15 U.S. Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star
December 15 U.S. troops lands on Mindoro
December 16 Battle of Bulge begins in Belgium
December 16 General Eisenhower's clerk Rickey marries corporal Pearlie
December 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
December 16 U.S. 2nd Inf division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid
December 17 Green Bay Packers win NFL championship
December 17 Japanese-Americans released from detention camps
December 17 M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service and is extended to Market St
December 17 U.S. Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast
December 17 U.S. destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
December 18 Destroyers "Hull," "Spence" and "Monaghan" sink in typhoon (Philippines)
December 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
December 20 Archbishop De Young and bishop Huibers condemn black market
December 20 Battle of Bastogne, Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
December 20 Bishop forbids membership in non Catholic unions
December 20 Terence Rattigans "O Mistress Mine," premieres in London
December 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
December 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
December 22 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
December 23 Beginning of harsh winter
December 26 Battle of Bastogne - U.S. General Patton's 4th Pantzers repulse Germans
December 26 Budapest surrounded by soviet army
December 26 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie," premieres in Chicago
December 27 Greece: British premier Churchill flies back to London
December 28 Eisenhower and Montgomery meet in Hasselt Belgium
December 28 Former Washington 3rd baseman Buddy Lewis wins Distinguished Flying Cross
December 28 Leonard Bernstein's musical "On the Town," premieres in New York City
December 29 Belgian nazi Leon Degrelle at default to the death sentenced
December 29 General Eisenhowers train returns to Versailles
December 30 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne
December 31 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah
December 31 Japanese army evacuates harbor city Akyab