1565 in History
January 25 Battle at Talikota India: Moslems destroy Vijayanagar's army
March 1 Spanish occupier Estacio de Sa founds Rio de Janeiro
April 27 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms
June 14 Catharina de Medici and Duke of Alva discuss Calvinism
July 29 Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
August 28 Oldest city in the U.S., St. Augustine Fla, established
September 8 1st permanent settlement in U.S. forms (St. Augustine, Florida)
September 8 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese and Knights of St. John
September 20 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida and massacre the French
November 13 King Philip II's "Letters out Segovia" reaches Brussels
November 13 Pope Pius IV publishes degree Professi fidei
December 24 Compromise of the Nobles closes against inquisition