March 31 Events in History - March 31 Birthdays - March 31 Deaths
2015 The deadline has passed for conclusion of negotiations by Iran and a group of six nations on Iran's nuclear program; however, as some progress has been made, the talks will continue
2014 The International Court of Justice at the U.N. agrees that Japanese whaling is conducted for commercial purposes, not scientific research; Japan accepts the order to cease all whaling activities in the Antarctic
2014 The U.S. announces that it is on track to enroll 7 million people in government-mandated health insurance programs by the deadline at midnight
2013 In China, two people die from H7N9 avian influenza infection. xH7N9 avian influenza is a sub-type that previously had not been transmitted to humans
2013 Once the world's fastest computer, the IBM Roadrunner, was decommissioned; advances in chip design have surpassed its capabilities
2012 Progress is made on the U.K. and European Union's tallest building when the spire of the Shard London Bridge is put in place
2012 In the U.S., the Screen Actors Guild and the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists merge to create the SAG-AFTRA union
2011 Amid unrest in the Mideast, activists claim China has launched the largest crackdown on dissenters in recent years
2011 At a meeting in Nanjing, China, U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner says the main problem in the world's monetary system is countries that inhibit the free flow of the value of their currency
2010 Tear gas is fired on more than 200 Palestinians and their allies protesting outside the gates of Ofer Prison over the recent detainment of colleagues
2002 21st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at San Antonio
1998 Tampa Bay Devil Rays 1st game they host Detroit Tigers
1997 "Daytime to Remember" a series showing old soaps premieres on ABC-TV
1997 59th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Ariz beats Kentucky 84-79 (OT)
1997 Pioneer 10, ends its mission
1996 "Getting Away With Murder" closes at Broadhurst New York City after 17 performances
1996 "Midsummer Night's Dream" opens at Lunt-Fontanne New York City for 66 performances
1996 15th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Georgia 83-65
1996 1st Opening Day in history in March takes place in Seattle
1996 25th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Patty Sheehan
1996 Karnataka defeat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
1996 Radio Canada International's final shortwave broadcast
1996 Space Shuttle STS-76 (Atlantis 16), lands
1996 Wrestlemania XII - Shawn Michaels beats Brett Hart for WWF title
1995 1st game at Coors Stadium Colorado (replacement Rockies beat Yankees 4-1)
1995 Bombay beat Punjab on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1995 Federal judge orders injunction to end baseball strike
1994 James Farentino pleads no contest to stalking ex-girl Tina Sinatra
1994 Walkway from Cleveland's Tower City to Jacobs Field officially opens
1992 Delhi beat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1992 U.N. Security Council voted to ban flights and arms sales to Libya
1991 10th NCAA Women's Basketball Champion: Tennessee beats Virginia 70-67
1991 20th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
1991 Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
1991 Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az
1991 Georgian SSR votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union
1991 Musical "Will Rogers Follies," premieres in New York City
1991 Soviet Republic of Georgia endorsed independence, Warsaw Pact dissolves
1991 St. Louis Blues Brett Hull scores his 86th goal
1990 "Carol and Company" starring Carol Burnette premieres on NBC-TV
1990 Dionisio Castro cycles world record 20km (57:18.4)
1990 Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws
1989 Donald Trump purchases Eastern's Northeast Shuttle
1988 Last East Limburg coal mine closes in Gent Belgium
1988 New York Islanders celebrate Denis Potvin night
1988 Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for "Beloved"
1987 49th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Syracuse 74-73
1986 167 die when Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashes
1986 48th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Louisville beats Duke 72-69
1986 English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead
1985 15th Easter Seal Telethon raises $27,400,000
1985 4th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Old Dominion beats Georgia 70-65
1985 El Salvador's President Duartes Christian-Democrats win election
1985 Wrestlemania I at MSG NY, Hogan and Mr. T beat Piper and Orndorf
1984 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 Earthquake in Colombia kills some 5,000 people
1983 Marsha Norman's "'night, Mother," premieres in New York City
1982 Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil
1982 Rock group Doobie Brothers split up
1981 1st Golden Raspberry Awards: Can't Stop the Music wins
1981 53rd Academy Awards - "Ordinary People," R De Niro and Sissy Spacek win
1980 Larry Holmes TKOs Leroy Jones in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 Mike Weaver KOs John Tate in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry
1978 Red Rum wins 3rd consecutive Grand National and retires
1978 U.S.S.R. launches Kosmos 1000 navigational satellite
1978 Wings release "London Town" album
1977 Michael Cristofer's "Shadow Box," premieres in New York City
1976 Cleveland Cavaliers clinch their 1st ever NBA playoff bearth
1976 New Jersey Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator
1975 37th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Kentucky 92-55
1975 John Wooden's final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs
1973 Flyers score 8 goals in 1 period vs. Islanders, on 60 shots
1973 Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision
1972 Official Beatles Fan Club, closes down
1971 South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion
1971 William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre
1970 Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee
1969 George Harrison and Patti Boyd are fined 250 pounds each for illegal drugs
1968 Lyndon Baines Johnson announces he will not seek re-election
1968 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Palm Beach County Golf Open
1968 Seattle's AL club is named Pilots
1967 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)
1966 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in New York City
1966 Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
1966 U.S.S.R. launches Luna 10, 1st lunar orbiter
1965 U.S. ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam
1964 President Jango Goulart of Brazil chased out of office by military
1963 Los Angeles ends streetcar service after 90 years
1961 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
1960 Gore Vidal's "Best Man," premieres in New York City
1959 Dalai Lama fled China and was granted political asylum in India
1958 U.S. Navy forms atomic sub division
1958 U.S.S.R. suspends nuclear weapons tests, and urges U.S. and Britain to do same
1955 Collie Smith scores 104 on cricket debut WI vs. Australia, Kingston
1955 U.S. Assay Office in Seattle, Washington closes Chase National (3rd largest bank) and Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merge to form Chase Manhattan
1954 U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, established
1954 U.S.S.R. offers to join NATO
1953 Department of Health, Education and Welfare established
1953 U.N. Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjold secretary-general
1951 U.S. tanks exceed 38 degrees of latitude in Korea
1949 Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
1948 Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
1946 Belgian government of Acker, forms
1945 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
1945 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen
1945 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie," premieres in New York City
1945 U.S. artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
1944 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
1943 U.S. errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
1941 Germany begins a counter offensive in Africa
1941 Ground broken for Union Square Garage, San Francisco
1940 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
1939 Britain and France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany
1935 Fusahige Suzuki runs world record marathon (2:27:49)
1934 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
1933 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Georgia)
1933 Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps
1933 German Republic gives power to Hitler
1932 150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall
1932 Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine
1926 German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands
1925 WOWO-AM, Ft. Wayne Indiana begins radio transmission (500 watts)
1924 Croydon Airport: 1st British mig aircraft Imperial established
1924 London public transport strike ends
1923 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hours
1923 French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
1923 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
1922 KFI-AM in Los Angeles California begins radio transmissions
1922 Prince Hendrik opens trade fair building in Amsterdam
1921 Albert Einstein lectures in New York on his new theory of relativity
1921 British coal miners goes on strike
1920 British parliament accept Irish "Home Rule"-law
1919 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
1918 1st daylight savings time in U.S. goes into effect
1917 U.S. purchases Danish West Indies for $25M and renames them Virgin Islands
1916 Dutch government ends all miltary engagements
1909 Baseball rules players who jump contracts are suspended for 5 years
1909 Gustav Mahler conducts New York Philharmonic for his 1st time
1907 Romanian Army puts down Moldavian farmers' revolt
1906 GB Shaws German version of "Caesar and Cleopatra," premieres in Berlin"
1905 German emperor Wilhelm II visits Tanger
1903 Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (New Zealand)
1900 Brigadier General Broadwoods troops fall into guerrilla hands
1896 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening, also known as the zipper
1889 300m Eiffel Tower officially opens, commemorates French Revolution
1885 Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
1883 1st performance of Cesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
1883 Utrecht begins water pipe system
1880 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, Indiana)
1878 Jack Johnson is 1st black to hold a heavyweight boxing title
1877 British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
1877 Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Australia vs. England MCG
1870 1st black to vote in U.S. (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy New Jersey)
1868 Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
1865 Battle of Boydton, Virginia (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
1865 General Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
1863 Battle of Grand Gulf MS and Dinwiddie Court House VA
1862 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
1861 Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans
1854 Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to U.S.
1850 U.S. population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
1849 Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF
1841 1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B
1831 Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
1831 Quebec and Montreal incorporated
1814 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
1808 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
1796 Johann Wolfgang von Goethes "Egmont," premieres in Weimar
1745 Jews are expelled from Prague
1683 Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey
1667 France/England signs anti-Dutch military accord
1657 English Humble Petition offers Lord Protector Cromwell the crown
1651 Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru
1644 Pope Urbanus VIII and duke of Parma signs Peace of Ferrara
1547 Henry II succeeds Francois I as king of France
1521 Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St. Lazarus
1504 France and Spain signs ceasefire
1492 Queen Isabella of Castilia and Ferdinand of Aragon expels Jews
1084 Anti-pope Clemens crowns German emperor Hendrik IV