October 12 Events in History - October 12 Birthdays - October 12 Deaths
2014 Several nations have pledged financial support to rebuild Gaza after destruction resulting from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict during the summer; commitments include an immediate $212 million U.S. donation and a $1 billion pledge from Qatar
2014 Russian troops along the Ukrainian border have been ordered to withdraw to their home bases by President Vladimir Putin; the move comes ahead of meetings between Putin and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko
2013 The east coast of India expects Cyclone Phailin to make landfall today
2013 Two million people lose power and five people are killed when Typhoon Nari strikes the Philippines
2012 A customary law which prevented women from inheriting their family home, is overturned by the high court of Botswana
2012 The 2012 Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to the European Union for 'over six decades (having) contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe'
2011 The U.S. has its deadliest foodborne illness outbreak in 25 years; the listeriosis outbreak totals 23 dead, with 116 affected
2011 The 'underwear bomber', Nigerian Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, pleads guilty to attempting to blow up an airplane on Christmas, 2009
2010 Florencio Avalos, the first of 33 miners trapped underground in the 2010 Copiapo mining accident is rescued from the mine
2010 Kim Jong-nam, eldest son of Kim Jong-il, states his opposition to North Korea's succession plan to transfer power to his younger brother, Kim Jong-un
2004 WNBA Championships, Seattle Storm beat Connecticut Sun 2 games to 1
2002 Nearly 200 tourists murdered by Islamist terrorist bombs in Bali
2000 USS Cole bombed in the port of Aden, Yemen, killing 17 sailors
1997 David Duval wins Michelob Championship at Kingsmill Golf Club
1997 Juli Inkster wins LPGA Samsung World Championship
1997 Transamerica Senior Golf
1995 "Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr New York City for 46 performances
1994 Contact with Venus orbitter Magellan broken
1994 Iranian Fokker's F28 explode between Isfahan and Teheran: 66 killed
1993 "Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 48 performances
1992 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
1992 Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave search for occupied planets
1992 Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title
1992 Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain
1992 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany, New York on WQBK 103.5 and 103.9 FM
1992 Microwave Observing Project begins (seeking alien life)
1992 Washington Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception
1991 Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards
1991 Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN
1991 Steven Spielberg weds Kate Capshaw
1991 Wrestler Rip Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush
1991 Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton 45-38 in overtime
1990 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for 12 players
1989 Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London
1988 George Bush and Michael Dukakis meet in 2nd debate
1988 Israel and China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations
1987 21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William, Jr. wins
1987 George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You"
1987 Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers for AL pennant
1987 Oscar Arias (Costa Rican president) wins Nobel Peace Prize
1986 California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox
1985 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS-61A mission
1985 International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
1985 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 IRA bombs hotel where Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die
1982 38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record)
1982 Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor getrs world sereis record 5 hits
1981 "Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater New York City for 48 performances
1981 15th Country Music Association Award:
1980 "Your Arm's Too Short to Box" closes at Ambassador New York City after 149 performances
1980 7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat and Tears concert in LA
1980 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
1979 Pressure in nucleus of tropical cyclone at Guam hits record 870 hpa
1978 Representatives of Israel and Egypt open talks in Washington
1978 Sid Vicious charged in murder of girlfriend Nancyh Spungen
1977 "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
1977 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
1976 4th Space Shuttle Enterprise, approach and land test (ALT) flight
1976 Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Tse-tung as chairman of Communist Party
1975 Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries
1975 Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon (2:38:19)
1975 NASA launches space vehicle S-195
1974 1st time Washington Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
1973 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
1973 Juan Peron elected president of Argentina
1973 Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as Vice President
1972 "Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater New York City for 2 performances
1972 46 sailors injured in race riot on aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk
1972 Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot
1972 Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole
1971 "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Mark Hellinger New York City for 711 performances
1970 Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
1969 1st time 5 people in space
1969 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara, California changes call letters to KAPN
1969 KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, California (IND) begins
1969 Soyuz 7 is launched
1969 Yoko Ono suffers another miscarriage
1968 "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore New York City after 17 performances
1968 19th Olympic games open at Mexico City, Mexico
1968 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
1968 Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame
1967 St. Louis Cardinals beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in 1 World Series
1966 Jimi Henrix Experience fors with Noel Redding and Mitch Mitchell
1964 1st time 3 people in space
1964 KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, California (PBS) begins
1964 Launch of Voskhod 1, 1st 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
1964 Voskhod 1 launched: 1st flight with 3 cosmonauts
1964 WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin
1964 WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
1963 "Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St. Theater New York City after 16 performances
1963 Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
1963 At 4 AM, traffic on Bay Bridge is 1-way on each deck
1962 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 US/U.S.S.R. sign joint space effort in telecommunications and meteorology
1961 "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 68 performances
1961 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1960 John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon's 3rd presidential debate
1960 Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe at United Nations General Assembly
1958 CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
1958 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1958 WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 "Mask and Gown" closes at John Golden Theater New York City after 39 performances
1957 "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater New York City after 62 performances
1957 1st coml flight between California and Antartica
1957 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
1956 Marga Klompe becomes 1st Dutch women elected minister
1955 Hurricane Connie, kills 43 in NC, SC, Virginia and Maryland
1955 Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti
1953 U.S. and Greece signs peace treaty (U.S. bases)
1952 Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s vs. N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons
1952 KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 644 performances
1949 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman ambassador nominated in US
1948 Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
1944 German army retreats from Athens
1943 U.S. bombs Rabaul, New Britain
1942 Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
1942 U.S. Navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
1941 Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
1940 Hitler begins operation-Seelowe (invasion of England)
1935 Cole Porters musical "Jubilee," premieres in New York City
1933 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
1933 John Dillinger escapes from Allen County, OH, jail
1931 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
1929 Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning
1927 Hermann Gorner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
1925 Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
1925 German-Russian trade agreement signed
1924 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
1923 New York Giant's Casey Stengel home run beats Yankees 1-0 in World Series
1920 Cleveland Indians beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
1920 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting New Jersey and New York City
1920 Man O'War's last race and win
1920 Soccer team Quick '20 forms
1918 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
1918 Cloquet Minnesota and 25 other communities destroyed by forest fire, 559 die
1918 Forest fire in Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin kills about 800
1916 Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
1915 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
1915 Theodore Roosevelt criticizes U.S. citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
1914 1st battle at Ypres, begins
1913 John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw and is fired
1907 Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series
1903 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St. New York City
1901 Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
1899 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on England
1892 Pledge of Allegiance 1st recited in public schools
1891 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
1886 Hurricane and sea surge kills 250 at Indianola, Texas
1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain"
1881 Henry M. Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
1879 British troops occupy Kabul Afghanistan
1872 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
1871 President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
1862 JEB Stuart completes his "2nd ride around McClellan"
1862 Major General Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Confederate troops in Missisippi
1862 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
1861 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
1860 British and French troops capture Beijing
1854 Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
1853 John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
1850 1st women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
1836 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, New York
1833 Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
1823 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
1822 2nd eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
1815 Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
1798 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
1798 Friedrich von Schillers "Wallensteins Lager," premieres in Weimar
1792 Columbus Day is 1st celebrated
1776 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
1775 U.S. Navy forms
1730 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
1711 Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
1702 Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch and English fleet destroy and occupy Spanish silver fleet and French squadron
1692 Massachusetts Bay discontinues witch trials
1659 English Rump-government fires John Lambert and other generals
1654 Kruittoren van Delft, explodes, 50-100 killed
1609 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice," published in London
1576 Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as arch duke of Austria
1549 John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier
1518 Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
1509 Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
1504 Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
1492 Columbus arrives in Bahamas
1492 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
1459 Battle at Ludfor: Richard of York defeated
1366 King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
1285 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
1165 Rambam reaches Jerusalem
642 John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
638 Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected