August 20 Events in History - August 20 Birthdays - August 20 Deaths
2015 France’s far-right National Front party has expelled one of its founders, Jean-Marie Le Pen, after continued conflict over his anti-Semitic remarks; current party leader Marine Le Pen, his daughter, seeks to move the party away from its past
2014 U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder flies to Ferguson, MO to inform residents that the shooting death of teenager Michael Brown will be investigated by the federal government; a separate county-appointed grand jury has already begun reviewing the case
2014 U.S. officials have validated claims by the Islamic State (IS) that journalist James Foley, held in captivity for two years, has been killed; President Obama vows to continue airstrikes in Iraq against IS militants
2013 New Zealand's most active volcano - the White Islands' Whakaari, erupts, sending ash 4 kilometres into the air
2013 U.S. Senator Ted Cruz ignites speculation about a 2016 Presidential run when he announces plans to renounce his Canadian citizenship
2012 As part of ongoing political reforms in Myanmar, the country announces it will end media censorship
2012 After not being seen for weeks, Ethiopia's long-term Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi dies of a mystery illness
2011 First Air fails in an attempt to land a Boeing 737 in poor conditions; 12 of 15 people die after the plane crashes near Canada's Resolute Bay
2011 Tropical Storm Irene forms with warnings in place for the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, The British Virgin Islands, Antigua and Barbuda
2010 Game-maker NCsoft is sued by a man claiming he would not have played Lineage II if he knew it was addictive and render him unable to function
2010 Thousands of Kyrgyzstani's rally in response to rumors that Osh's mayor was fired by Kyrgyzstan's interim government
1997 Shelly Moore, 18, of Tennessee, crowned 15th Miss Teen USA
1996 India defeat Pakistan in Under-15 World Challenge Final at Lord's
1995 "Play's the Thing" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 75 performances
1995 Indians' Jose Mesa sets record with his 37th consecutive save
1995 Kerrie Webb wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Golf Open
1994 109.8 degrees F (43.2 degrees C) in Cordoba, Spain
1994 Archbishop Quarracino wants all homosexuals to leave Argentina
1994 Ferry boat sinks at Chandpur Bangladesh, 300-350 killed
1993 Colin Jackson runs world record 110m hurdles (12.91)
1993 Howard Stern is fired from WLUP-AM, Chicago, Illinois
1993 Mother Teresa hospitalized with malaria
1992 England get 7-363 in 55 overs vs Pakistan, then world ODI record
1992 Rocker Sting weds Trudie Styler
1991 Norbert Rosza swims world record 100m breast stroke (1:01.29)
1991 Dolphin Dan Marino surpasses Joe Montana as the highest paid NFL player with a 5-year extension for $25 million
1991 Estonia declares it's independence from U.S.S.R. itself independent
1990 Gene Michael names New York Yankee Vice President/General Manager replacing Harding Peterson
1990 George Steinbrenner steps down as New York Yankee owner
1990 Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations (human shields)
1990 New York Yankee Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 15 home runs (approx 132 at bat)
1989 Aak crashes into pleasure boat The Margin on the Thames, 51 killed
1989 Howard Johnson joins B Bonds and W Mays to hit 30 home runs and steal 30 bases
1989 Janet Evans swims female world record 800m freestyle (8:16.22)
1989 Said Aouita runs world record 3000 m (7:29.45)
1988 6.5 earthquake strikes India/Nepal, 1,000s killed
1988 Yordanka Donkova of Bulgaria sets 100m hurdle woman's record (12.21)
1986 Mail carrier Patrick Sherrill, Edmond Ok, shot 14 fellow workers dead
1986 Phils Don Carmen perfect game bid is broken in 9th
1985 1st NL pitcher to strike out 200+ in 1st 2 seasons (Dwight Gooden)
1985 Israel ships 96 TOWs to Iran on behalf of US
1985 Libya throws out 1000s Tunisian/Egyptian gas workers
1985 Met Dwight Gooden strikes out 16 on way to his 13th consecutive win
1985 Hanspeter Beck of South Australia, finishes a 3,875 mile, 51 day trip from Western Australia to Melbourne on a unicycle
1982 Don Lever becomes 1st captain of New Jersey Devils
1982 U.S. Marines land in Beirut, Lebanon
1980 Mount Everest climbed by Italian Reinhold Messner, alone
1980 New York Yankee Bob Watson hits Seattle Kingdome speaker, 2nd straight day
1980 Pitts Omar Moreno steals record 70 bases for 3rd consecutive season
1980 Reinhold Messner of Italy is 1st to solo ascent Mount Everest
1980 Cleveland Dan Spillner, 545 ERA, is 2 outs from a no-hitter when White Sox rookie Leo Sutherland singles
1980 U.N. Security Council condemns (14-0, U.S. abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jersualem is it's capital
1979 India premier Charan Singh resigns
1979 Singer Vikki Carr and Michael Nilsson wed
1978 Gunmen open fire on an Israeli El Al Airline bus in London
1978 Mark Vinchesi of Amherst Mass keeps a frisbee aloft 15.2 seconds
1978 Sandra Post wins LPGA Lady Stroh's Golf Open
1978 Tatyana Providokhina runs female world record 1k (2:30.6)
1977 NASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
1975 Il-62 crashes south of Damascus, Syria, killing 126
1975 Viking 1 launched to orbit around Mars, soft landing
1974 Brooklyn pitcher Dan Bankhead is 1st black to homer in his 1st at bat
1974 Nelson Rockefeller becomes V.P.
1974 Nolan Ryan pitch measured at record 161.6 kph (100.4 mph)
1972 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open
1972 U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1971 FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr
1970 Hurricane Dorothy, kills 42 in Martinique
1969 69 cm rainfall in Nelson Co., Virginia (state record)
1968 650,000 Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia
1968 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1967 Alvin Dark (52-69) is fired, rehired, and fired again as manager of A's
1967 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Western Golf Open
1966 Beatles pelted with rotten fruit during Memphis concert
1965 Rolling Stones release "Satisfaction" (their 1st #1 U.S. hit)
1965 Eddie Mathews and Hank Aaron (1954 - 1965) pass Babe Ruth-Lou Gehrig hitting 772 home runs while playing together on the same team
1964 Lyndon Baines Johnson signs anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion
1964 President Johnson signs Economic Opportunity Act
1964 Rex Sellers bowls 5-1-17-0 vs. India in only Test Cricket innings
1964 Yankee Phil Linz plays harmonica on bus despite Yogi Berra's orders
1962 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1961 Phillies set then dubious record of 23 straight loses, beat Braves
1961 East Germany begins erecting 5' high wall along the border with the west to replace the barbed wire put up Aug 13
1960 Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence
1960 U.S.S.R. recovers 2 dogs, 1st living organisms to return from space
1959 Belgium shortens conscription to 12 months
1958 Dale Long becomes 1st major league lefty catcher in 52 years
1958 Detroit Tiger Jim Bunning no-hits Boston Red Sox, 3-0
1957 "Simply Heavenly" opens at Playhouse Theater New York City for 62 performances
1957 Chicago White Sox Bob Keegan no-hits Washington Senators, 6-0
1957 USAAF ballon breaks an altitude record at 102,000' (310,896 m)
1957 White Sox Bob Keegan no-hits Senators 6-0
1956 Republicans convene at Cow Palace
1955 1st airplane to exceed 1800 mph (2897 kph)-HA Hanes, Palmdale, California
1955 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria
1953 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests premier Mossadeq of Persia
1953 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
1952 Stalin meets Chou Enlai
1949 78,382 watch White Sox play Indians at Cleveland
1949 Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution
1948 15th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Cards 28, All-Stars 0 (101,220)
1948 U.S. expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
1947 Boston Braves hit a million attendance for 1st time
1947 Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph
1945 Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a home run
1945 Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
1945 Russian troops occupy Harbin and Mukden
1945 Tommy Brown, Brooklyn Dodger becomes youngest home run hitter (17)
1944 "Anna Lucasta," opens on Broadway
1944 26th PGA Championship: Bob Hamilton at Manito G and CC Spokane Wash
1944 General de Gaulle returns to France
1944 Russian offensive at Jassy and Kisjinev
1944 U.S. and British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
1942 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
1941 Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males
1940 1st Polish squadrons fight along in the Battle of Britain
1940 Leon Trotsky, revolutionary, icepicked by Frank Jackson, dies Aug 21
1940 British Prime Minister Churchill says of Royal Air Force, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few"
1939 1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc)
1939 Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia
1938 Lou Gehrig hits record 23rd and last grand slam
1935 Military coup by General Pons and president Ibarra in Ecuador
1934 Ponsford out for 266 in his final Test Cricket match
1931 45th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen Whitingstall (64 61)
1930 Bradman scores 232 in 5th Test Cricket at The Oval
1930 Dumont's 1st TV broadcast for home reception (New York City)
1929 1st airship flight around Earth flying eastward completed
1926 Uprising against Reza Shah Pahlawi in Persia
1925 WJR-AM in Detroit Michigan begins radio transmissions
1923 London harbor strike ends
1922 1st world championship athletics for women, held in Paris
1921 35th U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats M Browne (46 64 62)
1920 1st U.S. coml radio, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit began daily broadcasting
1920 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
1920 Israel publishes it's 1st medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
1920 Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League
1920 Red Sox-Indians game postponed in Boston to allow Indian players to attend Ray Chapman's funeral in Cleveland
1919 Wichita outfielder Joe Wilhoit (Western League) fails to get a hit, ending a 69-game streak (155 hits in 299 at bats for a .505 avg)
1918 Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I
1915 Italy declares war on Turkey
1915 White Sox obtain Joe Jackson from Cleveland in exchange for Robert Roth, Larry Chappell, Ed Klepfer, and $31,500
1914 Battle of Bounderies: Lorraine, Ardennen, Sambre and Meuse, Mons
1914 Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russian beat Germans
1914 Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing 1000s
1914 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny France
1914 German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp
1913 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pegoud-France)
1913 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
1912 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
1912 Washington Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings
1910 U.S. supported opposition brings down Madriz in Nicaragua
1908 Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo
1901 Fawcett committee visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
1900 Great Britain beats France in cricket in Olympic Games
1896 Dial telephone patented
1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder"
1893 Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
1888 Longest U.S. men's single tournament match Palmer Presbrey defeats T S Tailer, 19-21, 8-6, 6-1, 6-4, an 80-game 1st-round contest
1882 Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" opens in Moscow
1879 Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
1866 President Andrew Johnson formally declares Civil War over
1865 President Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Tx
1864 8th/last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia (about 3900 casualties)
1856 Wilberforce University forms in Ohio
1852 Steamer "Atlantic" collided with fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
1795 Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England
1794 General Mad Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers Ohio
1791 Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovers Alaska
1781 George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle Scotland
1741 Alaska discovered by Danish explorer Vitus Bering
1648 Battle of Lens: French duke d'Enghien defeats Spaniards
1641 Britain and Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
1619 1st Black slaves brought by Dutch to colony of Jamestown Virginia
1604 Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice
1597 1st Dutch East India Company ships returned from Far East
1585 English queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: aid to Netherland
1566 Iconoclasm reaches Antwerp Belgium
1534 Turkish Admiral Chaireddin"Barbarossa" occupies Tunis
1191 Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko
917 Battle at Anchialus: Bulgaria army counter attacks Byzantines
573 Gregory of Tours selected bishop of Tours
2 Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem