July 23 Events in History - July 23 Birthdays - July 23 Deaths
2015 Scientists announce discovery of a planet in the Kepler-452 solar system that closely resembles Earth in size and orbit; the planet, Kepler 452-b, has a diameter 60% larger than Earth's but an orbit that is 385 days, close to Earth's 365 days
2014 Obamacare renders confusion as two appeals courts issue conflicting rulings regarding the legality of subsidies offered through federal versus state-run insurance exchanges; the ruling will likely to to the U.S. Supreme Court
2014 The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration removes its ban on air travel to Israel after concluding that Israel will be able to prevent risks to aircraft during the conflict with Hamas
2013 Hercules 264, a Gulf of Mexico natural gas drilling rig, partially collapses off the coast of Louisiana; the rig remains standing but sustained extensive damage to the derrick package as a result of a continuing fire
2013 The entire government of South Sudan, including its Vice President, Riek Machar, is fired by the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit
2012 America's first female astronaut, Sally Ride, dies of pancreatic cancer at age 61
2012 Patent law disputes between Samsung and Apple deadlock as the dispute addresses valuation of each other's patents
2011 Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces the country's plan to launch a manned shuttle into space by 2019
2011 The Nigerian senate reschedules elections by changing the country's constitution
2010 Venezuela severs diplomatic relations with Columbia after Columbia states that Venezuela is a 'haven for guerillas'
2000 129th British Golf Open: at Royal Lytham
2000 55th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship
1997 Dallas TV Station KXAS settle with Dallas Cowboys Michael Irvin and Erik Williams for reporting false sex assault allegations against them
1995 "Hamlet" closes at Belasco Theater New York City after 121 performances
1995 124th British Golf Open: John Daly shoots a 282 at St. Andrews Scotland
1995 Miguel Indurains wins his 5th Tour de France
1995 Tracy Kerdyk wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1994 All 40,000 ceiling tiles in Kingdome must be replaced
1994 Amy Osmond, of Utah, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
1994 Dancer Gene Kelly suffers a mild stroke
1994 Don Mattingly becomes 6th New York Yankee to get 2,000 hits
1994 Goodwill Games open in St. Petersburg
1994 Longest baseball rain delay (3:39) as Giants beat Mets 4-2 in New York City
1994 Space shuttle STS-65: Columbia 17, lands after record 14 days 55 minutes
1993 Boon completes 17th Test Cricket century, 107 at Headingley
1993 British Aerospace 147 crash at Yinchuan, 55 killed
1993 Chinese B737 crash at Yinchuan, at least 66 killed
1993 New York Yankee Mark Hutton is 1st Australian to be a starting pitcher, He beats Angels 5-2; Yankees, Red Sox, Blue Jays 3 way tie for 1st
1992 Emperor Haile Selassie, Ras Tafari Makonnen, of Ethiopia's, funeral
1991 James Farentino of Dynasty arrested in Canada for cocaine possession
1991 Rob Dibble back from 3-game suspension, is ejected for throwing at and hitting Cubs baserunner Doug Dascenzo Cubs win, 8-5
1990 Rosie Jones, (St. Louis), 26, crowned 22nd Miss Black America
1990 South Africa worker's union leader Billy Nair arrested
1989 118th British Golf Open: Mark Calcavecchia shoots a 275 at Royal Troon
1989 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
1989 FOX-TV tops ABC, NBC and CBS for 1st time, America's Most Wanted
1989 Winds gust to 85 MPH at Fort Smith Arkansas
1988 Saskatchewan's Dave Ridgway kicks record 8 field goals vs Edmonton
1987 Petra Felke (E Ger) throws javelin 78.89 m (women's record)
1987 Red Sox waive Bill Buckner, the goat of last years World Series
1987 Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39)
1986 Britain's Prince Andrew marries Sarah Ferguson
1986 King Hassan II meets with Israeli premier Simon Peres
1984 Kansas City Royals Dan Quisenberry gets his 200th career save
1984 Suzette Charles, New Jersey, 21, replaces Williams as 57th Miss America 1984
1984 Vanessa Williams, 1st black Miss America, resigns due to posing nude
1982 FCC approves AM stereo radio, KTSA San Antonio goes stereo
1982 International Whaling Comn votes for total ban on coml whaling (starting 1985)
1980 Billy Carter admits to being paid by Libya
1980 River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter
1980 Soyuz 37 ferries 2 cosmonauts (1 Vietnamese) to Salyut 6
1979 George Brett gets his 1,000th hit
1978 33rd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy
1978 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas
1978 Phillies Steve Carlton becomes 78th pitcher to win 200
1978 Reggie Jackson returns and helps Yankees win their 5th straight
1977 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Moslems on hostage charges
1976 42nd NFL Chicago All Star Game: Pittsburgh 24, All Stars 0 (52,895)
1976 Baltimore Oriole Reggie Jackson homers in 6th straight game
1976 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1976 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1976 Wings release "Let 'em In"
1975 Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends," premieres in London
1975 Los Angeles Dodgers W Crawford and Lee Lacy are 5th to hit consecutive pinch home runs
1974 45th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-2 at 3 Rivers Stadium, Pitts
1974 Greek military dictatorship collapses
1973 Ozark AL plane knocked out of air by lightning, St. Louis-36 die
1973 Qaboos bin Said Al Said, becomes Sultan and Prime Minister of Oman
1973 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1973 President Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation
1972 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched
1972 Eddy Merckx (Belgium) wins his 4th consecutive Tour de France
1972 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic
1969 40th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 9-3 at RFK Memorial, Washington D.C.
1969 All star MVP: Willie McCovey for the San Francisco Giants
1969 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1968 Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt
1968 PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane
1968 Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 cops killed
1967 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
1966 Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens
1966 John Pennel pole vaults record (5.34 m)
1966 Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!"
1965 Beatles "Help" is released in UK
1965 Dick Stuart homers in a major league-record 23rd different park
1964 A's Bert Campaneris home runs on 1st pitch, hits a 2nd home run on 2nd at bat
1964 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
1961 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
1961 Bricusse and Newley's musical "Stop the world I want to ...," premieres
1960 15th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy Rawls
1959 Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit on U.S.S.R.
1958 1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords
1956 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
1956 Joe Cronin and Hank Greenberg inducted into Hall of Fame
1955 New York Yankees Bob Cerv and E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch home runs
1952 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
1949 Test Cricket debut of Brian Close aged 18 years 149 days
1948 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
1947 1st (U.S. Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island
1946 Menachem Begins opposition group bombs King David Hotel
1945 Marshal Henri Petain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
1944 Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 home runs in a doubleheader
1944 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
1944 Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland
1944 U.S. forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
1944 U.S. troops occupy Pisa, Italy
1943 Battle of Koersk, U.S.S.R. ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
1943 U.S. 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
1942 German troops conquer Rostow
1942 Hitler's Directive #45: order to occupy Stalingrad
1940 "Blitz" all-night air raid by German bombers on London begins
1938 Bradman scores 103 in 178 minutes on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test
1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
1934 Bradman completes 304 at Headingley, 430 minutes, 43 fours 2 sixes
1931 Ashmore and Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
1931 France announces they can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
1930 Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
1930 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with home runs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
1926 Belgian NMBS/SNCFB forms
1926 France government of Poincare, forms
1925 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits his 1st of 23 career grand slammers
1921 Chinese Communist Party forms under Henk Sneevliet
1921 Edward Gourdin of U.S., sets then long jump record at 25' 2 3/4"
1920 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
1917 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
1914 Austria-Hungary issues ultimatum to Serbia leading to WW I
1913 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot Palestine
1907 7th Davis Cup: Australasia beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
1906 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
1904 Ice cream cone created by Charles E Menches during La Purchase Expo
1903 Ford Motor sells 1st Model A car
1900 Pan-African Congress meets in London
1890 Jack Barrett carries his cricket bat for Australia at Lord's (67)
1888 John Boyd Dunlop, applies to patent pneumatic tire
1886 Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge
1880 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
1877 1st U.S. municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
1877 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed
1870 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
1866 Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
1864 Battle of Woodstock, Virginia
1863 Alexandra Park opens in North London
1858 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
1852 1st interment in U.S. National Cemetery at Presidio
1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and U.S.
1850 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of New York takes office
1848 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
1840 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
1834 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
1829 William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter)
1827 1st U.S. swim school opens (Boston Mass)
1812 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I
1803 Robert Emmett's insurrected in Dublin
1798 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt
1764 James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
1745 Charles Stuart, the Younger, lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
1726 Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia
1664 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of New York, arrive in Boston
1645 Aleksei Mihailovitch Romanov succeeds his father Michael as czar
1599 Caravaggio's 1st public commission for paintings
1594 Groningen surrenders to earl Mauritius/Willem Louis
1572 Willem van Oranges troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
1558 Battle at Grevelingen: Gen/earl Lamoraal van Egmont beat France
1540 Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary
1532 Karel I and evangelical monarchy signs Peace of Neurenberg
1453 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion
1431 Council of Basel opens
1431 G Cesarini opens Counsel of Basel (Ferrara/Florence)
1403 Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV
1298 Jews are massacred at Wurzburg Germany
1298 Rindfleish Persecutions-Jewish community Wurzburg Germany annihilated
1253 Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent III
1215 Frederik II crowns himself Roman Catholic king
1148 Crusaders attack Damascus
685 John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire