January 31 Events in History - January 31 Birthdays - January 31 Deaths
2015 New Zealand professional golfer Lydia Ko, age 17, becomes the youngest No. 1 ranked golfer in the world, beating the record set by Tiger Woods in 1997 at age 21
2014 U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder authorizes federal prosecutors to pursue the death penalty for Boston Marathon bombing suspect, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
2014 Strong quarterly earnings cause Facebook stock to rise 16 percent; the company boasts 755 million active users, and its ad revenue increased by 76 percent year over year to $2.34 billion
2013 A court grants Iceland's Blaer Bjarkardottir the right to use her own name; after previously ruling Blaer was only a man's name, the Reykjavik court rules it could also be used as a girl's name
2013 NASA reveals the Regolith Advanced Surface Systems Operations Robot (RASSOR), a lunar mining robot which could be used to produce fuel and water directly on the Moon
2012 China tightens its control of monasteries following deadly protests in Tibet
2012 Following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, the Cabinet of Japan approves a bill placing a 40-year cap on the life of nuclear reactors
2011 Burma opens its new parliament
2011 Egypt's people vow to continue demonstrating until President Mubarak's regime falls
2010 A 5.2 magnitude earthquake in Sichuan province, China, destroys at least 100 homes, injures 11 and kills one person
2006 Samuel Alito sworn in as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
2000 Alaska Airlines flight 261 crashes off coast of southern California, killing 88, crash caused by a bad stabilizer
1999 Super Bowl XXXIII, Pro Player Stadium, Miami, Denver Broncos beat Atlanta Falcons 34-19
1998 72nd Australian Womens Tennis: Martina Hingis beats C Martinez (63 63)
1998 STS-89 (Endeavour 12) lands
1994 Barcelona opera theater "Gran Teatro del Liceo" burns down
1994 Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36
1993 "St. Joan" opens at Lyceum Theater New York City for 49 performances
1993 81st Australian Mens Tennis: Jim Courier beats S Edberg (62 61 26 75)
1993 Superbowl XXVII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 52-17 in Pasadena Superbowl MVP: Troy Aikman, Dallas, quarterback
1992 Metropolitan Transportation Authority raised tolls on most New York City bridges from $2.50 to $3.00
1992 Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires
1991 Nugget's Michael Adams becomes shortest NBA player to get a triple-double
1991 Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude
1990 1st McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world's biggest McDonalds
1990 1st ever all-sports daily "National" begins publishing
1990 Jushin "Thunder" Liger beats Naoki Sano to become New Japan IWGP champ
1988 Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil
1988 Superbowl XXII: Washington Redskins beat Denver Broncos, 42-10 in San Diego Superbowl MVP: Doug Williams, Washington, quarterback
1987 44th Golden Globes: Platoon, Marlee Matlin win
1987 United Steel workers union ratified a concessionary with USX Corp
1986 Mary Lund of Minn, is 1st female recipient of an artificial heart
1985 "Harrigan 'n Hart" opens at Longacre Theater New York City for 5 performances
1985 South Africa President PW Botha offers to free Mandela if he denounces violence
1984 36th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-6 at New Jersey
1984 Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network
1984 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 10 Arabian oryx, extinct except in zoos, released in Oman
1982 12th AFC-NFC pro bowl, AFC wins 16-13
1982 32nd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 120-118 at New Jersey
1982 Gustafson skates world record 10 km (14:26.59)
1982 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Whirlpool Golf Championship of Deer Creek
1982 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 16-13
1982 U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton
1981 "The Tide Is High" by Blondie hits #1
1981 38th Golden Globes: Ordinary People, Coal Miner's Daughter
1981 Gaetan Boucher skates world record 1000m (1:13.39)
1980 Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41
1978 "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 101 performances
1978 Israel turns 3 military outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements
1977 Frenchman Francois Claustre freed, after 33 months as hostage in Chad
1977 Joe Sewell, Amos Rusie, and Al Lopez elected to baseball Hall of Fame
1976 "Love Rollercoaster" by Ohio Players hits #1
1976 Lance Gibbs becomes highest Test wicket-taker at 308
1975 Barry Manilow's "Mandy" goes gold
1975 John Lennon releases "#9 Dream"
1975 UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship
1974 McDonald's founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres
1972 Aretha Franklin sings at Mahalia Jackson's funeral
1972 Birenda, becomes leader of Nepal
1972 Military coup ousts civilian government of Ghana
1972 U.S. launches HEOS A-2 for interplanetary observations (396/244,998)
1971 "My Sweet Lord" by George Harrison hit #1 on United Kingdom pop chart
1971 Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands
1971 Jake Beckley, Joe Kelley, Harry Hooper, Rube Marquard, Chick Hafey
1971 U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
1971 U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by John Misha Petkevich
1971 & Dave Bancroft and George Weiss elected to baseball Hall of Fame
1970 Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges
1969 Beatles perform last live gig (42-minute concert on roof of Apple HQs)
1969 Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1968 Bobby Simpson takes 5-59 vs. India in his last Test for ten years
1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia
1968 Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32"), at Agata, U.S.S.R.
1968 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1968 Viet Cong's Tet offensive begins
1966 Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers
1966 U.S.S.R. launches Luna 9 towards Moon
1965 Pud Galvin elected to baseball Hall of Fame
1964 U.S. report "Smoking and Health" connects smoking to lung cancer
1963 Tony Sheridan and Beat Brothers record "What'd I Say" and "Ruby Baby"
1962 General Charles P. Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1962 Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort "USS Falgout"
1961 David Ben-Gurion resigns as premier of Israel
1961 Ham is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
1961 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
1961 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 and 115) vs. Australia at Adelaide
1961 NATO Secretary-General Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
1961 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights
1960 Songwriter Adolph Green marries actress and singer Phyllis Newman in New York City
1959 Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL
1958 "Jackpot Bowling" premieres on NBC with Leo Durocher as host
1958 James van Allen discovers radiation belt
1958 U.S. launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1
1957 Liz Taylor's 2nd divorce (Michael Wilding)
1957 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
1956 French government of Mollet forms
1956 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
1955 RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
1953 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
1953 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
1953 New York, Cleveland, and Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
1952 Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1 centuries
1952 Harry Heilmann and Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1950 President Truman approves building of hydrogen bomb
1949 1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago)
1948 J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
1948 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
1946 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
1945 U.S. 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
1944 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
1944 U-592 sunk off Ireland
1944 U.S. forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
1943 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
1943 Chile breaks contact with Germany and Japan
1943 General Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
1942 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
1941 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)
1941 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands
1941 Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1940 40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)
1940 C Turney and J Horwin's "My Dear Children," premieres in New York City
1936 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
1934 Franklin D. Roosevelt devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
1933 French government of Daladier takes power
1933 Hitler promises parliamentary democracy
1932 U.S. railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
1931 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joseph Malone scores a record 7 goals
1931 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow and Tomorrow," premieres in New York City
1930 1st U.S. glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, New Jersey
1929 Erich Maria Remarques publishes "Im West nieces Neues" in Berlin
1929 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey
1928 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
1927 International allies military command in Germany disbands
1927 NL President John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals and play for the Giants
1925 Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
1920 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in U.S. (New York City) begins publication
1920 Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game
1920 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
1917 Germany notifies U.S. that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
1916 Dutch Girl Guides form
1915 1st German poison gas attack, against Russians
1911 Congress names San Francisco as Panama Canal opening celebration site
1906 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
1905 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
1905 Carroll Wright appointed 1st U.S. Commissioner of Labor
1904 Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth," premieres
1901 Boer general John Smuts and De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
1901 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1901 Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
1895 Jose Marti and others leave New York City for invasion of Spanish Cuba
1893 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
1874 Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
1871 Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky
1865 Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
1865 General Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies
1863 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into U.S. army
1862 Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
1861 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod," premieres in Weimar
1861 State of Louisiana takes over U.S. Mint at New Orleans
1855 Western railroads blocked by snow
1854 Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
1851 Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
1851 SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
1849 Corn Laws abolished in Britain
1842 John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House
1817 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau," premieres in Vienna
1804 British Vice-Admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
1779 Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
1696 Revolt of undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
1679 Jean-Baptiste Lully's opera "Bellerophon," premieres in Paris
1675 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
1627 Spanish government goes bankrupt
1609 Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
1596 Catholic League disjoins
1578 Battle of Gembloers
1560 Spanish king Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois
1531 Kings Ferdinand of Austria/Janos Zapolyai of Hungary accept each other
1504 By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
876 Charles becomes king of Italy
314 St. Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope