August 31 Events in History - August 31 Birthdays - August 31 Deaths
2015 U.S. President Barack Obama restores the Native American name of Alaska's Mount McKinley, the tallest North American peak; the mountain will revert to its former name of Denali
2014 Iraqi troops and Shiite militia members, aided by U.S. air strikes, free the town of Amerli from Islamic State control; the rebel group seized the town two months ago, blocking access to food and supplies; rations were air-dropped after the victory
2014 Protests erupt after China issues a decision to not allow free elections in Hong Kong, instead requiring government approval of any candidate running for office
2013 Upon concluding their search for chemical weapons in Syria, UN inspectors leave Damascus
2013 U.S. President Barack Obama claims he is ready to order a strike on Syria, but will seek approval from Congress
2012 Angola holds Parliamentary elections
2012 The winner of Mexico's presidential elections is Enrique Pena Nieto, a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party
2011 Venice, Italy hosts the 68th Venice International Film Festival
2011 Severe damage to homes and infrastructure occurs as wildfires sweep through the U.S. states of Oklahoma and Texas
2010 In Sudan, the People's Liberation Army announces it will demobilize its child soldiers by the end of 2010
2010 Hurricane Earl shifts toward the east coast of the U.S., placing most of North Carolina's coast on hurricane watch
2004 The Republican party nominates George W. Bush as its presidential candidate
2002 WNBA Championships, Los Angeles Sparks beat New York Liberty 2 games to 0
1997 "Gin Game," closes at Lyceum Theater New York City after 144 performances
1997 Don Mattingly's #23 is retired by New York Yankees
1997 Pittsburgh Senior Golf Classic
1997 Scott Hoch wins Greater Milwaukee Golf Open with a 26807721201
1994 Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia and Latvia
1994 Northern Ireland Sinn Fein proclaims ceases-fire
1993 Minnesota Twins beat Cleveland Indians 5-4 in 22 innings
1993 Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees
1992 44th Emmy Awards: Northern Exposure, Christopher Lloyd and Dana Delane
1992 Dynamite explosion in Philipines mine; 500 die
1992 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Cleveland, Ohio on WNCX 98.5 FM
1991 Houston quarterback David Klingler sets NCAA record with 6 touchdown passes in the 2nd quarter as the Cougars clobbered Louisiana Tech 73-3
1991 Jan Berry (Jan and Dean) weds Gertie Filip
1991 Richard J. Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1991 Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning
1991 William H. Webster, ends term as 14th director of CIA
1990 Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season
1990 East and West Germany sign a treaty to join legal and political systems
1990 Ken Griffey Sr &, Jr. are 1st father and son to play on same team each goes 1 for 4 for Seattle Mariners
1988 5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins
1988 Arbitrator George Nicolau rules owners conspired against free agents
1988 Bomb attack on office of South Africa Council of Churches
1987 Curtis Strange sets golf's earning for year record ($697,385)
1987 Michael Jacskon's "Bad" video premieres on CBS TV
1987 South Africa longest mine strike in history ends
1986 Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die
1985 "Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Ill
1985 Angel Cordero becomes 3rd jockey to ride horses earning over $100 M
1984 Pinklon Thomas beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1983 Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz
1982 U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1981 Dirk Wellham scores 103 on Test Cricket debut, vs. England at Lord's
1981 Royals manager Jim Frey is fired and replaced by Dick Howser
1980 "Oklahoma!" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 301 performances
1980 80th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Hal Sutton
1980 Poland's Solidarity labor union forms
1979 16 yr old Tracy Austin defeats 14 yr old Andrea Jaeger at U.S. Open
1979 Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with Sun
1979 Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as United Nations ambassador
1979 Phillies replaces manager Danny Ozark with Dallas Green
1978 Constitution adopted by Sri Lanka
1978 Emily and William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst
1978 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft altitude record of 38.26 km (125,524')
1977 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
1977 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
1976 George Harrison found guilty of plagurizing "My Sweet Lord"
1976 Mexican peso devalued
1976 Trinidad and Tobago adopts constitution
1976 Waldemar Cierpinski wins 18th Olympics Marathon (2:09:55.0)
1975 Former Teamsters' president James Hoffa reported missing
1973 1st heavyweight championship fight in Japan (Foreman beats Roman)
1973 PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony
1972 Lasse Viren runs Olympic/world record 10,000m (27:38.4)
1972 Olga Korbut, U.S.S.R., wins olympic gold medal in gymnastics
1971 Adrienne Beames runs female world record marathon (2:46:30)
1971 Dave Scott becomes 1st person to drive a car on Moon
1970 59th Davis Cup: USA beats Germany in Cleveland (5-0)
1970 Lonnie McLucas, a Black Panther activist, convicted
1970 Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar
1970 Peter Yarrow arrested for taking "immoral liberties" with girl, 14
1970 WKMJ TV channel 68 in Louisville, Kentucky (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 25,000 attend New Orleans Pop Festival
1968 12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
1968 68th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Bruce Fleisher
1968 Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon and Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them nude on cover
1968 Roy Face ties W Johnson's record of 802 pitching appearances with club
1968 Verne Gagne beats Dick Beyers (Dr. X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
1966 Referee Leo Horn whistles his last soccer match (Ajax-Bulgaria)
1965 House of Representatives joins Senate establish Department of Housing and Urban Develop
1964 Ground is broken for Anaheim Stadium, future home of Angels
1962 Trinidad and Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day)
1961 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
1960 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
1959 48th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (3-2)
1959 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
1959 Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game
1957 Malayasia (formerly Malaya) gains independence from Britain
1955 1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Texas)
1955 1st solar automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Illinois
1955 KTRE TV channel 9 in Lufkin, Texas (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 Hurricane Carol (1st major named storm) hits New England, 70 die
1954 Indians beat Yankees 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
1954 WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins
1953 KRBC TV channel 9 in Abilene, Texas (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 WKBG (now WLVI) TV channel 56 in Cambridge-Boston, MA (IND) begins
1951 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
1950 Dodger Gil Hodges hits 4 home runs and a single in a game vs Braves
1948 Queen Wilhelmina celebrates 50th jubilee
1947 Hungarian Communist Party wins election
1947 New York Giants set season record for home runs by a club 183 (en route to 221)
1944 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie," Italy
1944 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
1944 French troops liberate Bordeaux
1944 Russian-Romanian troops march into Bucharest
1943 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: U.S. assault on Marcus Island
1943 Japanse occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
1942 Battle at Alam Halfa: German and Italians assault
1942 U boats sunk this month 108 ships (544,000 ton)
1941 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)
1941 Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee and Molly debuts on NBC
1940 1st edition pf illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
1940 56 U-boats sunk this month (268,000 ton)
1940 Fighter Command loses 39/Luftwaffe 41 airplanes
1940 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap ration
1940 U.S. National Guard assembles
1939 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
1939 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
1938 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)
1937 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for home runs of 18 home runs in August
1935 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
1935 Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleveland Indians, 5-0
1935 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act prohibiting export of U.S. arms to belligerents
1935 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 6 hours, 105 tons of cabbages
1935 White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Indians 5-0
1934 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
1928 Brecht and Weils "Dreigroschenoper" premieres
1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)
1923 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
1923 Mussolini's troops occupy Korfu
1920 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
1920 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
1919 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
1919 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
1919 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
1918 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
1916 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow," premieres in London
1915 Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits New York Giants, 2-0
1914 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan, state record
1914 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
1914 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
1914 Germany defeats Russia (battle at Tannenberg/30,000 Russians die)
1913 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven Netherlands
1911 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
1909 A. J. Reach Co. patents cork-centered baseball
1909 Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)
1907 Britain and Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia and Tibet
1907 England, Russia and France form Triple Entente
1905 25th U.S. Mens Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (62 61 119)
1905 Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa
1903 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
1902 Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs. Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
1900 British troops over run Johannesburg
1900 Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies
1897 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
1896 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary," premieres in New York City
1895 1st pro football game (quarterback John Brallier paid $10 and won 12-0)
1894 Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box"
1886 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern U.S., at Charleston SC, 110 die
1886 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
1881 1st U.S. men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)
1864 Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
1843 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
1842 Micah Rugg patents a nuts and bolts machine
1842 U.S. Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
1829 Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
1778 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
1772 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
1751 English troops under sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot India
1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle Scotland
1535 Pope Paul II deposed and excommunicated King Henry VIII
1310 German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
1230 Utrecht bishop Willebrand grants Swells state justice