1916 in History
January 1 1st football game in Rose Bowl, Washington State vs. Brown
January 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
January 7 German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun
January 10 Russian offensive in Kaukasus
January 11 French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
January 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert and Ellice Is colony in Pacific
January 14 Dutch South Sea dike cracks
January 17 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY
January 17 Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in New York City
January 23 Temp falls from 44 degrees F (7 degrees C) to -56 degrees F (49 degrees C) night of 23-24, Browning, Montana
January 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
January 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
January 28 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
January 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain and France
January 28 Opera "Goyescas," premieres (New York City)
January 29 1st bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
January 31 Dutch Girl Guides form
February 3 Canada's original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down
February 3 Tristan Tzar publishes Dada-manifest in Zurich Switzerland
February 5 Enrico Caruso recorded "O Solo Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Co
February 8 French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374
February 8 NL votes down Charlie Ebbets proposal to limit 25 cents seats
February 9 Britain's military service act enforced (conscription)
February 9 NL votes down a proposal by Giants, Braves, and Cubs to increase club player limit from 21 to 22 (The Reds want to decrease to 20)
February 10 Conscription begins in Britain
February 11 Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
February 11 Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
February 12 1st edition of Joseph Patterson/Sidney Smith strip "Gumps"
February 15 New York Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
February 16 Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia
February 17 Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith' musical premieres in New York City
February 21 Battle of Verdun in WW I begins (1 million casualties)
February 23 Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
February 23 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
February 25 German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun
February 26 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
February 26 Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
February 26 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
March 1 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
March 8 U.S. invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
March 9 General Fransisco "Poncho" Villa invades U.S. (17 killed)
March 9 Germany declares war against Portugal
March 9 Pancho Villa leads Mexican band raid on Columbus NM, killing 12
March 12 French airship sinks British submarine D3
March 14 Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
March 15 General Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos
March 15 University of Gent goes under Dutch control
March 16 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella," premieres in London
March 16 U.S. and Canada sign migratory bird treaty
March 20 Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
March 21 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of Netherlands Indies
March 25 Heavyweight Jess Willard and Franc Moran fight to no decision in New York City
March 25 Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for boxing title
March 25 Women are allowed to attend a boxing match
March 26 Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary
March 30 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2
March 31 Dutch government ends all miltary engagements
April 1 1st U.S. national women's swiming championships held
April 2 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
April 4 U.S. Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I
April 5 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
April 6 German parliament OKs unrestricted submarine warfare
April 8 Norway approves active and passive female suffrage
April 10 1st professional golf tournament held
April 19 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
April 19 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
April 19 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
April 20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
April 20 Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cincinnati Reds 7-6
April 22 France battles at Fort Douaumont
April 23 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn," premieres in New York City
April 24 Easter rebellion of Irish against British occupation begins
April 29 Irish nationalists set post office on fire in Dublin
April 30 Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
May 2 2nd Ave and Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Pl renamed Sycamore Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe and Selwyn Avenue named
May 2 U.S. president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act
May 4 At request of U.S., Germany curtails its submarine warfare
May 5 U.S. Marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
May 6 Belgian troop march into Kigali, German East-Africa
May 8 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes
May 9 British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey
May 10 Disastrous fire in Ellendale, North Dakota
May 10 Historic Shipport Museum opens in Amsterdam
May 11 Einstein's Theory of General Relativity presented
May 13 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
May 13 42nd Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard George Smith wins in 2:04
May 13 Native American Day is 1st observed
May 15 Asiago Italy falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
May 16 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8
May 17 British Summer Time (Daylight Savings), 1st introduced
May 18 U.S. pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
May 19 Escadrille Americaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
May 20 Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 and 1918)
May 20 Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
May 21 Britain begins "Summer Time" (Daylight Savings Time)
May 22 French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun
May 23 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
May 24 Conscription begins in Britain
May 24 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
May 24 Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
May 24 U.S. pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
May 27 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx
May 29 New York Giants win 17th consecutive road game
May 29 Official flag of president of U.S. adopted
May 29 U.S. forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
May 31 Battle of Skagerrak: Brit-German sea battle at Jutland (10,000 dead)
May 31 British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
June 1 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
June 2 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
June 3 National Defense Act establishes ROTC
June 4 Russian General Brusilov fails on his Eastern Front attack
June 6 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
June 7 Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun
June 10 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
June 10 Great Arab Revolt begin
June 12 30th U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Louise Raymond (60 61)
June 12 Tennis legend Bill Tilden's 1st appearance at U.S. tennis championship
June 15 Boys Scouts of America receives congressional charter
June 16 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
June 17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
June 17 U.S. troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
June 18 Yankees score in every inning but 8th beat Indians 19-3
June 21 Boston Rube Forster no-hits New York Yankees, 2-0
June 21 Mexican troops beat U.S. expeditionary force under General Pershing
June 25 Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
June 26 Cleveland Indians experiment with #s on their jerseys (one game)
June 29 Boeing aircraft flies for 1st time
June 30 22nd U.S. Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club MINN
June 30 General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits"
July 1 Battle on the Somme: British 4th Army walks to German lines
July 1 British court martial (Easter uprising)
July 1 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
July 1 Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary 'Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver. Colorado
July 1 Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park home run
July 2 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
July 2 Russian offensive in Armenia
July 3 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near New Jersey shore (4 die)
July 9 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in U.S. from Germany
July 11 1st federal grant-in-aid for state roads enacted
July 11 Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
July 14 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham South Carolina (state record)
July 14 St. Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
July 15 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass North Carolina (state record)
July 15 Boeing Co (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash
July 20 Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cincinnati Reds
July 22 A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco killing 10
July 25 Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks
July 29 Postal check and Girodienst establishes
July 30 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey
August 1 Hawaii National Park forms
August 4 Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the U.S. for $25 million
August 8 A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
August 10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
August 12 Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz and Paquerette photographed in Paris
August 17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
August 23 Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
August 25 Department of Interior forms National Park Service
August 26 Philadelphia A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleveland, 5-0
August 26 Yankees turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
August 27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
August 28 Germany declares war on Romania
August 28 Italy declares war against Germany during WW I
August 29 Congress creates U.S. Naval reserve
August 29 General Von Hindenburg becomes German Chief of Staff
August 29 Transportship Hsin-Yu and cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1000 die
August 29 U.S. Congress accept Jones Act: Philippines independence
August 29 Von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff
August 30 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St. Louis Browns, 4-0
August 30 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany
August 31 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow," premieres in London
September 1 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
September 1 Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce)
September 3 Allies turned back Germans in WW I's Battle of Verdun
September 4 Christy Mathewson and Mordecai Brown final baseball game
September 5 36th U.S. Mens Tennis: R N Williams III beats Johnston (46 64 06 62 64)
September 7 Giants beat Brooklyn 4-1, to launch New York's record 26-game winning streak
September 7 Workmen's Compensation Act passed by Congress
September 11 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
September 14 Christy Mathewson pitches and wins his final game
September 15 1st tank used in war, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flors, France
September 15 Britains 1st use of tanks (Battle of Somme)
September 17 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
September 19 1st landing on Schiphol (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
September 19 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
September 24 Indians Marty Kavanaugh, hits AL's 1st pinch-hit grand slam
September 26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
September 27 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
September 27 Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees
September 30 Giants lose to Braves 8-3, ends 26 consecutive win streak
October 2 Grover Cleveland Alexander records his 16th shutout of year
October 2 San Diego Zoo founded
October 4 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time
October 5 Soldier Adolf Hitler is injured
October 7 222 points are scored in a football game between Georgia Tech and Cumberland University of Lebanon, Tennessee
October 9 Babe Ruth begins 29 2/3 scoreless World Series innings
October 9 Babe Ruth pitches and wins longest WS game (14 innings) 2-1
October 10 In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
October 12 Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
October 16 Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus
October 16 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln)
October 16 T. E. Lawrence meets with Fasal Hoessein
October 17 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
October 21 U.S. Army forms Reserve Officers Training Corps
October 24 Moroccan troops capture Ft. Douaumont
October 26 Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
October 27 1st published reference to "jazz" appears (Variety)
October 31 Clare Kummer's "Good Gracious Annabelle," premieres in New York City
November 2 Ft. Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France
November 3 Treaty establishes British suzerainity over Qatar
November 5 Emperor Wilhelm II and French Jozef I establishes kingdom of Poland
November 5 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
November 7 Grand duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns czar of uprising
November 7 Jeannette Rankin, Representative-R-Montana 1917 - 1919 and 1941 - 1943, elected 1st woman Representative
November 7 Woodrow Wilson (D) re-elected president
November 13 British offensive at Ancre Belgium
November 16 Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff," premieres in New York City
November 16 I Berlin/V Herbert/H Blossoms musical premieres in New York City
November 16 U.S.S.R. La Satannaya ammunitions factory explodes, killing 1,000
November 18 General Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme in Europe
November 26 Greece declares war on Germany
November 28 1st (German) air attack on London
November 29 Erwin Rommel marries Lucie "Lu" Mollin
November 29 U.S. declares martial law in Dominican Republic
December 2 Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract
December 6 German army under General Mackensen occupies Bucharest
December 7 British government of David Lloyd George forms
December 7 David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British PM
December 11 David Lloyd George forms British war government
December 12 Worst train disaster ever (Modane France-543 killed)
December 13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hours in Tyrol
December 13 Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
December 13 French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
December 15 French defeat Germans in WW I Battle of Verdun
December 19 Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
December 26 Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France